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Production of compost with biopesticide property from toxic weed Lantana: Quantification of alkaloids in compost and bacterial pathogen suppression
Journal of Hazardous Materials ( IF 9.038 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-29 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.123332
Rani Rai; Raj Kumar Singh; Surindra Suthar

Toxic weed Lantana camara foliage was composted with cow dung in 2:1 and 1:1 ratio (v/v) and changes in physicochemical characteristics, and faecal coliform bacterial population (Escherichia coli and Salmonella) was estimated for 35 d. Results showed a significant increase in total N (1.48-1.69-folds), Paval (6.87-9.19-folds), and total K (1.08-1.23-folds) content, while a decrease in C/N ratio (1.87-2.13-folds) and total organic carbon (1.12-1.46-folds) after composting process. Germination index (GI) results (> 70 %) suggested the non-toxic property of Lantana compost against tested rapeseed mustard seeds. E. coli and Salmonella population reduced to the safe limit after 35 d composting. Compost extract (sterilized and non-sterilized) (from 2:1 setup) showed about 0.88 – 1.08-, 0.88 – 0.96-, 0.83 – 0.94-, and 0.79 – 1.08-folds higher inhibition in Xanthomonas citrus, Xanthomonas campestris, Erwinia carotovora, and Pseudomonas aerogenosa, respectively, indicating strong pathogen-inhibiting substances in Lantana compost. GC-MS analysis of compost extract indicated the presence of isomers of several compounds of biocidal property – hexadecane (9-hexyl and 9-octyl); 2-tridecyl ester; eicosane; tetradecane, heptacosane (1-chloro- and 9-hexyl); heptadecane, octadecane, 3-ethyl-5-(2-ethylbutyl)-, heptacosane, tetradecane, 2,6,10-trimethyl-, etc.). Result revealed that Lantana compost could be used as biomanure with biopesticide properties for sustainable organic farming system.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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