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Involvement of NMDAR/PSD-95/nNOS–NO–cGMP pathway in embryonic exposure to BPA induced learning and memory dysfunction of rats
Environmental Pollution ( IF 6.792 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-29 , DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115055
Haiyang Yu; Lin Ma; Di Liu; Yu Wang; Xiucong Pei; Zhiwen Duan; Mingyue Ma; Yumin Zhang

Bisphenol A (BPA), can lead to learning and memory impairment, but the underlying mechanism is poorly understood. Researchers have indicated that the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)/postsynaptic density protein 95 (PSD-95)/neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-nitric oxide (NO)-cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway greatly contributes to learning and memory process. Pregnant rats were exposed to 0, 0.05, 0.5, 5 and 50 mg/kg/day BPA via oral gavage from gestational day (GD) 5 to GD 19. Morris water maze, transmission electron microscope, western blot, real time PCR, biochemical analysis and ELISA were used to analyze the changes in behavior, synaptic ultrastructure, protein and gene expression of NMDAR, PSD-95, nNOS, together with nNOS activity, NO (Nitrate reductase method) and cGMP levels of the rat pups at different growth stages. Results of this research displayed that exposure to 0.5 mg/kg/day BPA could damage the spatial learning ability of rats at postnatal day (PND) 56. However, spatial memory ability could be affected by exposure to BPA at doses up to 5 mg/kg/day. Moreover, the thickness of the postsynaptic density decreased after exposure to BPA at doses of 5 and 50 mg/kg/day. Levels of NR1, NR2A, PSD-95 protein and mRNA were downregulated to some extent after exposure to BPA, whereas the expression of NR2B increased at GD 20 but decreased at PND 21 and 56. Contrarily, the nNOS expression along with the enzyme activity were promoted after exposure to BPA. Meanwhile, the NO and cGMP levels were suppressed at GD 20 but promoted at PND 21 and 56. In conclusion, these results demonstrated that NMDAR/PSD-95/nNOS–NO–cGMP pathway could be affected by embryonic exposure to BPA, which may involve in the spatial learning and memory dysfunction of rats in later life.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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