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Heat stress during late gestation disrupts maternal microbial transmission with altered offspring's gut microbial colonization and serum metabolites in a pig model
Environmental Pollution ( IF 6.792 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-29 , DOI: 10.1016/j.envpol.2020.115111
Jianwen He; Weijiang Zheng; Chengyuan Tao; Huiduo Guo; Yongqiang Xue; Ruqian Zhao; Wen Yao

Heat stress (HS) during gestation has been associated with negative outcomes, such as preterm birth or postnatal metabolic syndromes. The intestinal microbiota is a unique ecosystem playing an essential role in mediating the metabolism and health of mammals. Here we hypothesize late gestational HS alters maternal microbial transmission and structures offspring's intestinal microbiota and serum metabolic profiles. Our results show maternal HS alters bacterial β-diversity and composition in sows and their piglets. In the maternal intestine, genera Ruminococcaceae UCG-005, [Eubacterium] coprostanoligenes group and Halomonas are higher by HS (q < 0.05), whereas the populations of Streptococcus, Bacteroidales RF16 group_norank and Roseburia are decreased (q < 0.05). In the maternal vagina, HS mainly elevates the proportions of phylum Bacteroidetes and Fusobacteria (q < 0.05), whereas reduces the population of Clostridiales Family XI (q < 0.05). In the neonatal intestine, maternal HS promotes the population of Proteobacteria but reduces the relative abundance of Firmicutes (q < 0.05). Moreover, the core Operational taxonomic units (OTU) analysis indicates the proportions of Clostridium sensu stricto 1, Romboutsia and Turicibacter are decreased by maternal HS in the intestinal and vaginal co-transmission, whereas that of phylum Proteobacteria and Epsilonbacteraeota, such as Escherichia-Shigella, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, and Comamonas are increased in both the intestinal and vaginal co-transmission and the vagina. Additionally, Aeromonas is the only genus that is transmitted from environmental sources. Lastly, we evaluate the importance of neonatal differential OTU for the differential serum metabolites. The results indicate Acinetobacter significantly contributes to the differences in the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and glucose levels due to HS (P < 0.05). Further, Stenotrophomonas is the most important variable for Cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), diamine oxidase (DAO), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) (P < 0.10). Overall, our data provides evidence for the maternal HS in establishing the neonatal microbiota via affecting maternal transmission, which in turn affects the maintenance of metabolic health.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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