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Scaffolding protein IQ motif containing GTPase activating protein 2 (IQGAP2) regulates glycogen metabolism
bioRxiv - Molecular Biology Pub Date : 2020-05-29 , DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.28.121632
Anushna Sen; Sara Youssef; Karen L Wendt; Sayee Anakk

The liver is critical in maintaining metabolic homeostasis, regulating both anabolic and catabolic processes of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. The IQ motif containing GTPase activating protein 2 (IQGAP2) is a member of the IQGAP family. Of the three homologous isoforms, the IQGAP2 scaffolding protein is predominantly found in the liver. To characterize its role in regulating metabolism, Iqgap2-/-female and male mice, and their WT controls, were fed ad libitum or fasted for 24 hours. Hepatic gene expression, protein levels, and the metabolic response were compared between WT and Iqgap2-/-mice, using RT-qPCR, western blot analysis, and histological stains. We found that loss of IQGAP2 alters the phosphorylation of active glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) expression, a known regulator of glycogen synthesis and lipogenesis. Consistent with this result, Iqgap2-/-female mice displayed depletion of periportal glycogen even in the fed state. We also observed blunted expression of genes involved in glycogenesis and lipogenesis when IQGAP2 was deleted. Since GSK3 is known to regulate the activity of -catenin, we examined and found it to be reduced in Iqgap2-/-mice. Our findings demonstrate that IQGAP2 plays an important role in regulating glycogen synthesis.
更新日期:2020-05-29

 

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