当前位置: X-MOL 学术Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. › 论文详情
Acute cytotoxicity and increased vascular endothelial growth factor after in vitro nitrogen mustard vapor exposure.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences ( IF 4.295 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-14 , DOI: 10.1111/nyas.14367
Matthew D McGraw,So-Young Kim,Carl W White,Livia A Veress

Nitrogen mustard (NM) is a highly toxic alkylating agent. Inhalation exposure can cause acute and chronic lung injury. This study's aims were to develop an in vitro coculture model of mustard-induced airway injury and to identify growth factors contributing to airway pathology. Primary human bronchial epithelial cells cultured with pulmonary endothelial cells were exposed to NM (25, 50, 100, 250, or 500 μM) or PBS (control) for 1 hour. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) were measured before and 24 h after NM exposure. Fixed cultures were stained for hematoxylin and eosin or live/dead staining. Culture media were analyzed for 11 growth factors. A 1-h vapor exposure to greater than or equal to 50 μM NM increased supernatant LDH, decreased TEER, and caused airway epithelial cell detachment. Endothelial cell death occurred at 500 μM NM. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) and placental growth factor (PlGF) expression increased in 500 μM NM-exposed cultures compared with PBS-exposed control cultures. NM vapor exposure causes differential cytotoxicity to airway epithelial and endothelial injury in culture. Increased VEGF-A and PlGF expression occurred acutely in airway cocultures. Future studies are required to validate the role of VEGF signaling in mustard-induced airway pathology.
更新日期:2020-05-14

 

全部期刊列表>>
如何通过Nature平台传播科研成果
跟Nature、Science文章学绘图
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
中洪博元
ACS材料视界
x-mol收录
南开大学
朱守非
廖良生
南方科技大学
西湖大学
伊利诺伊大学香槟分校
徐明华
中山大学化学工程与技术学院
试剂库存
天合科研
down
wechat
bug