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Closed-loop tool face control with the bit off-bottom
Journal of Process Control ( IF 3.316 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-11 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jprocont.2020.03.011
Jean Auriol; Roman J. Shor; Ulf Jakob F. Aarsnes; Florent Di Meglio

In this paper, we develop three methods to achieve reliable closed-loop, tool face control for directional drilling operations. This is a necessary step to achieve closed-loop, automated directional guidance. Our algorithms combine existing industry top-drive controllers with new control approaches. The torsional model we use for the drill string has been field validated and takes into account the Coulomb friction between the drill string and the borehole. These distributed friction terms are either assumed known (or measured) or can be estimated using a state-observer. In this work, we improve such a state-observer to obtain an estimation of the tool face orientation in real-time. We then propose different approaches to control the tool face. The first method is based on a feed-forward control law. It uses the flatness of the model and the estimation of the orientation to generate an admissible trajectory which is then tracked. In the second procedure, we require a stable rotation off-bottom before smoothly changing the reference to zero to stop bit rotation. This change of reference induces a change of orientation that can be estimated and finally compensated by repeating the procedure. Finally, the last method uses a series of trapezoidal setpoint inputs – bumps – to calculate the change in downhole tool face per change in surface orientation before arriving at the correct tool face after three iterations. These three algorithms are illustrated in simulations of field scenarios and their effectiveness and limitations, depending on the reliability and availability of downhole orientation data, are discussed.
更新日期:2020-05-11

 

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