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Prolonged inhibitory effects against planktonic growth, adherence, and biofilm formation of pathogens causing ventilator-associated pneumonia using a novel polyamide/silver nanoparticle composite-coated endotracheal tube.
Biofouling ( IF 2.351 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-05 , DOI: 10.1080/08927014.2020.1759041
Sakkarin Lethongkam,Chalongrat Daengngam,Chittreeya Tansakul,Ratchaneewan Siri,Apisit Chumpraman,Manthana Phengmak,Supayang P Voravuthikunchai

Microbial cells can rapidly form biofilm on endotracheal tubes (ETT) causing ventilator-associated pneumonia, a serious complication in patients receiving mechanical ventilation. A novel polyamide with a good balance of hydrophilic/hydrophobic moieties was used for the embedment of green-reduction silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) for the composite-coated ETT. The films were conformal with a thickness of ∼ 17 ± 3 µm accommodating high loading of 60 ± 35 nm spherical-shaped AgNPs. The coated ETT resulted in a significant difference in reducing both planktonic growth and microbial adhesion of single and mixed-species cultures, compared with uncoated ETT (p < 0.05). A time-kill assay demonstrated rapid bactericidal effects of the coating on bacterial growth and cell adhesion to ETT surface. Biofilm formation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus, commonly encountered pathogens, was inhibited by > 96% after incubation for 72 h. Polyamide/AgNP composite-coated ETT provided a broad-spectrum activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria as well as Candida albicans and prolonged antimicrobial activity.
更新日期:2020-05-05

 

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