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BPI-ANCA is expressed in the airways of cystic fibrosis patients and correlates to platelet numbers and Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization
Respiratory Medicine ( IF 3.095 ) Pub Date : 2020-05-01 , DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2020.105994
Gisela Hovold; Ulrika Lindberg; Johanna K. Ljungberg; Oonagh Shannon; Lisa I. Påhlman

Background Autoantibodies to bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI), BPI-ANCA, are often present in serum of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), and correlate to airway colonization with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The aim of the study was to investigate if BPI-ANCA IgA is also present in the airways of CF patients, and if its presence correlates with neutrophil counts, platelets, and P. aeruginosa DNA in sputum. Methods BPI-ANCA IgA was quantified in serum and sputum samples from adult CF patients (n = 45) by ELISA. Sputum neutrophil counts, platelets, and platelet-neutrophil complexes were assessed by flow cytometry, and P. aeruginosa DNA was analysed with RT-PCR. Results Serum BPI-ANCA IgA was present in 44% of the study participants, and this group also had significantly enhanced BPI-ANCA levels in sputum compared to serum negative patients. Sputum levels of BPI-ANCA IgA correlated with P. aeruginosa DNA (r = 0.63, p = 0.0003) and platelet counts in sputum (r = 0.60, p = 0.0002). Conclusions BPI-ANCA is expressed in the airways of CF patients and correlates with P. aeruginosa load and platelet counts, suggesting a link to airway inflammation and mucosal immunity.
更新日期:2020-05-01

 

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