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Unusual dynamic charge correlations in simple-tetragonal HgBa2CuO4+δ
Physical Review X ( IF 12.211 ) Pub Date : 
B. Yu; W. Tabis; I. Bialo; F. Yakhou; N. B. Brookes; Z. Anderson; Y. Tang; G. Yu; M. Greven

The charge-density-wave (CDW) instability in the underdoped, pseudogap part of the cuprate phase diagram has been a major recent research focus, yet measurements of dynamic, energy-resolved charge correlations are still in their infancy. Such information is crucial in order to help discern the connection between CDW and pseudogap phenomena, and to understand the extent to which charge correlations in general shape the phase diagram}. We report a resonant inelastic X-ray scattering study of the underdoped cuprate superconductor HgBa2CuO4+δ (Tc=70 K). At 250 K, above the previously established temperature TCDW≈200 K that signifies the onset of quasistatic short-range CDW order}, we observe significant dynamic correlations that are {broadly peaked} at about 40 meV and centered at the two-dimensional wavevector 𝐪CDW.} This energy scale is comparable to both the superconducting gap and the low-energy pseudogap. At 70 K, we observe a quasistatic CDW peak at 𝐪CDW}, but the dynamic correlations around 40 meV remain virtually unchanged, and we identify a new featuredynamic correlations well above the optic phonon range that are broadly peaked in the 150-200 meV range}. A similar energy} scale was previously identified in other experiments as a high-energy pseudogap. The observation} of three distinct features in the charge response is highly unusual for a CDW system and suggests that charge order in the cuprates is complex. We demonstrate that other single-layer cuprates exhibit approximately the same relative strength of high- to low-temperature energy-integrated} charge signal, which} points to the universal existence of significant dynamic correlations. } Intriguingly, the two energy scales identified here are also comparable to those of the superconducting glue function extracted from other spectroscopic techniques, consistent with a dual charge and magnetic nature of the pairing glue.} We further determine} the paramagnon dispersion along [1,0], across 𝐪CDW, and find it to be} consistent with magnetic excitations measured by inelastic neutron scattering. Unlike for some other cuprates, our result points to the absence of a discernible coupling between charge and magnetic excitations.
更新日期:2020-06-02

 

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