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Integrated assessment of climate change impacts on crop productivity and income of commercial maize farms in northeast South Africa
Food Security ( IF 2.095 ) Pub Date : 2020-04-24 , DOI: 10.1007/s12571-020-01023-0
Davide Cammarano, Roberto O. Valdivia, Yacob G. Beletse, Wiltrud Durand, Olivier Crespo, Weldemichael A. Tesfuhuney, Matthew R. Jones, Sue Walker, Thembeka N. Mpuisang, Charles Nhemachena, Alex C. Ruane, Carolyn Mutter, Cynthia Rosenzweig, John Antle

Agriculture in South Africa sustains about 70% of the region’s population for food, income and employment, playing an important role for food security and the local economy. The focus of the study was the commercial maize farms of the Free State Province given their importance in the National economy. The Regional Integrated Assessment (phase I) was implemented to assess climate change and adaptation that links climate, crops, economic data and tools developed by the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP). In this context, the “system” is defined as a whole of agronomic and socio-economic factors. Within that framework three core questions were being evaluated: (i) Impacts of climate change under current system; (ii) Impacts of climate change under future system; (iii) The role of adaptation under climate change and the future system. Maize production will decrease between 10% to 16% as a result of projected climate impacts. Also, current agricultural production systems are negatively affected by climate change with an increase in poverty rates between 2% to 3%. The projected adoption of the adapted technology would result in positive increased net returns and a decrease in poverty rate of between 12% and 22%. The results of this study show that implementing adaptation measures, including strategies indicated by the local stakeholders, will have positive impacts on the agricultural production systems and can contribute to support and inform climate change policy decision making such as the development of National Adaptation Plans.
更新日期:2020-04-24

 

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