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Polydatin induces apoptosis and autophagy via STAT3 signaling in human osteosarcoma MG-63 cells.
Journal of Natural Medicines ( IF 2.055 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-28 , DOI: 10.1007/s11418-020-01399-5
Chang-Qing Jiang,Ling-Ling Ma,Zhen-Dong Lv,Fan Feng,Zhi Chen,Zu-De Liu

Abstract Polydatin, a natural product, is detected in many daily diets, such as grape juices and peanut. Autophagy regulation is recognized as a new potential strategy for cancer therapy, and previous studies demonstrated that polydatin showed remarkable anti-cancer ability. Nevertheless, the capability of polydatin to induce autophagy and its role in anti-osteosarcoma remains obscure. In this study, we investigated the anticancer effect of polydatin on human osteosarcoma cell line MG-63 and its underlying mechanism. Our results indicated that polydatin significantly inhibited proliferation of MG-63 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner, and increased their apoptosis and autophagic flux. Further experiments showed that polydatin reduced the expression and phosphorylation (Y705) level of STAT3 (Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3), increased the expression of autophagy-related genes (Atg12, Atg14, BECN1, PIC3K3), and therewith triggered autophagic cell death in MG-63 cells. Of note, the cytotoxicity effect of polydatin was rescued by co-treatment with Colivelin (STAT3 activator), suggesting the dependency of MG-63 cells on STAT3 for survival in this process. Moreover, polydatin-triggered autophagy and apoptosis were remarkably reduced following exposure to autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine, while cell viability was increased. In conclusion, these data demonstrated that polydatin induced MG-63 cell death through inducing apoptosis, and autophagy which was mediated via the STAT3 signaling. Therefore, polydatin might be a potential clinical drug in the remedy of osteosarcoma. Graphic abstract
更新日期:2020-04-21

 

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