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SNP rs17079281 decreases lung cancer risk through creating an YY1-binding site to suppress DCBLD1 expression.
Oncogene ( IF 6.634 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-30 , DOI: 10.1038/s41388-020-1278-4
Yu Wang,Rongna Ma,Ben Liu,Jinyu Kong,Hongyan Lin,Xiao Yu,Ruoyang Wang,Lei Li,Ming Gao,Baosen Zhou,Man Mohan,Herbert Yu,Zhaoyuan Hou,Hongbin Shen,Biyun Qian

Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified numerous genetic variants that are associated with lung cancer risk, but the biological mechanisms underlying these associations remain largely unknown. Here we investigated the functional relevance of a genetic region in 6q22.2 which was identified to be associated with lung cancer risk in our previous GWAS. We performed linkage disequilibrium (LD) analysis and bioinformatic prediction to screen functional SNPs linked to a tagSNP in 6q22.2 loci, followed by two case-control studies and a meta-analysis with 4403 cases and 5336 controls to identify if these functional SNPs were associated with lung cancer risk. A novel SNP rs17079281 in the DCBLD1 promoter was identified to be associated with lung cancer risk in Chinese populations. Compared with those with C allele, patients with T allele had lower risk of adenocarcinoma (adjusted OR = 0.86; 95% CI: 0.80-0.92), but not squamous cell carcinoma (adjusted OR = 0.99; 95% CI: 0.91-1.10), and patients with the C/T or T/T genotype had lower levels of DCBLD1 expression than those with C/C genotype in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. We performed functional assays to characterize its biological relevance. The results showed that the T allele of rs17079281 had higher binding affinity to transcription factor YY1 than the C allele, which suppressed DCBLD1 expression. DCBLD1 behaved like an oncogene, promoting tumor growth by influencing cell cycle progression. These findings suggest that the functional variant rs17079281C>T decreased lung adenocarcinoma risk by creating an YY1-binding site to suppress DCBLD1 expression, which may serve as a biomarker for assessing lung cancer susceptibility.
更新日期:2020-03-30

 

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