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Interactive optimization of process parameters and coating analysis of laser cladding JG-3 powder
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ( IF 2.496 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-25 , DOI: 10.1007/s00170-020-05155-7
Ying Chen, Xin Wang, Yu Zhao, Boxue Song, Tianbiao Yu

Abstract As an advanced additive manufacturing technology, laser cladding has become a research hotspot in the fields of rapid manufacturing and surface modification in recent years. The quality of the cladding layer directly depends on the choice of process parameters. In order to obtain high quality cladding layer, the effects of laser power, scanning speed, and powder feeding rate on the quality of JG-3 iron-based powder cladding layer were studied by interaction orthogonal experiments. Three-dimensional measurement laser microscopy (3D MLM) and variance analysis were used to analyze the results. It was found that the interaction between laser power and powder feeding rate directly affects the optimum process parameters. Laser power 750 W, scanning speed 420 mm/min, and powder feeding rate 6.96 g/min were selected as the optimum process parameters. Scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Thermo-Calc software were used to analyze the microstructure, phase composition, and solidification process of the coating, and compared with the experimental results. The results show that under the optimum process parameters, a dense crack-free and non-porous coating was obtained. The coating can be divided into three areas: coating zone (CZ), bonding zone (BZ), and heat affected zone (HAZ). The CZ is composed of α-Fe, Cr2B, Fe2B, and Cr23C6 phases. The calculated results obtained from the Thermo-Calc software are in good agreement with the experimental data. It is beneficial to the coating design for a desirable microstructure and mechanical properties.
更新日期:2020-03-26

 

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