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Laser-arc hybrid welding of 12- and 15-mm thick structural steel
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology ( IF 2.496 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-25 , DOI: 10.1007/s00170-020-05192-2
Ivan Bunaziv, Cato Dørum, Steen Erik Nielsen, Pasi Suikkanen, Xiaobo Ren, Bård Nyhus, Magnus Eriksson, Odd M. Akselsen

Abstract High-power lasers are very effective in welding of plates thicker than 10 mm due to the keyhole mode. High-power intensity generates a vapor-filled cavity which provides substantial penetration depth. Due to the narrow and deep weld geometry, there is susceptibility to high hardness and weld defects. Imperfections occur due to keyhole instability. A 16-kW disk laser was used for single-pass welding of 12- to 15-mm thick plates in a butt joint configuration. Root humping was the main imperfection and persisted within a wide range of process parameters. Added arc source to the laser beam process may cause increased root humping and sagging due to accelerated melt flow. Humping was mitigated by balancing certain arc and other process parameters. It was also found that lower welding speeds (< 1.2 m/min) combined with lower laser beam power (< 13 kW) can be more positive for suppression of humping. Machined edges provided more consistent root quality and integrity compared with plasma cut welded specimens. Higher heat input (> 0.80 kJ/mm) welds provided hardness level below 325 HV. The welded joints had good Charpy toughness at − 50 °C (> 50 J) and high tensile strength.
更新日期:2020-03-26

 

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