Materials Today ( IF 26.416 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-25 , DOI: 10.1016/j.mattod.2020.03.002 Yuki Kobayashi; Miho Sawamura; Sayaka Kondo; Maho Harada; Yusuke Noda; Masanobu Nakayama; Sho Kobayakawa; Wenwen Zhao; Aiko Nakao; Akira Yasui; Hongahally Basappa Rajendra; Keisuke Yamanaka; Toshiaki Ohta; Naoaki Yabuuchi
A binary system of Li2TiO3–LiMnO2 is systematically examined by joint experimental and theoretical studies as electrode materials for Li storage applications. Increase in a fraction of Li2TiO3 effectively activates anionic redox, and thus holes are reversibly formed on oxygen by electrochemical oxidation. Such holes are energetically stabilized through π-type interaction with Mn t2g orbital as suggested by theoretical calculation. However, excess enrichment of Li2TiO3 fractions in this binary system results in the oxygen loss as an irreversible process on delithiation because of a non-bonding character for Ti–O bonds coupled with the formation of O–O dimers, which are chemically and electrochemically unstable species. Additionally, detailed electrochemical study clearly shows that Li migration kinetics is relatively slow, presumably coupled with low electronic conductivity. Nevertheless, nanosizing of primary particles is an effective strategy to overcome this limitation. The nanosized sample prepared by mechanical milling delivers a large reversible capacity, ∼300 mA h g−1, even at room temperature and shows much improved capacity retention. Formation and stabilization of holes for the nanosized sample are also directly evidenced by soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy. From these results, factors affecting the reversibility of anionic redox as emerging new chemistry and its possibility for energy storage applications are discussed in more details.