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Granular activated carbon assisted nitrate-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation-membrane bioreactor: Strengthening effect and mechanisms
Environment International ( IF 7.943 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-23 , DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2020.105675
Peili Lu; Xuewen Wang; Yingshuang Tang; Aqiang Ding; Han Yang; Junliang Guo; Ying Cui; Chuanxiang Ling

Eutrophication and global warming are two main urgent environmental problems around the world. Nitrate-dependent Anaerobic Methane Oxidation (NdAMO) is a bioprocess coupling nitrate reduction with anaerobic methane oxidation, which could mitigate of these two environmental issues simultaneously. In this study, a newly granular active carbon-NdAMO-membrane bioreactor (GAC-NdAMO-MBR) system was established to evaluate its nitrogen removal efficiency, membrane fouling property and the probable strengthening mechanism was also uncovered. Results indicated that the nitrate removal rate in GAC-NdAMO-MBR reached 31.85 ± 3.19 mgN·L−1·d−1 while it was only 10.35 ± 2.02 mgN·L−1·d−1 in NdAMO-MBR system (lack of GAC), which was multiplied three-fold. The membrane flux decay rate of GAC- NdAMO -MBR was 0.15 L/m2·h·d while it was 0.49 L/m2·h·d without GAC, and the addition of GAC could extend membrane fouling time for 2.5 times. Notablely, the relative abundance of NdAMO bacteria sharply increased from 27.15% to 56.91% after GAC addition while the NdAMO archaea showed similar variation trend. The physicochemical property of GAC mainly contributed the strengthening effect. The porous structure of GAC absorbed methane and adhered by microorganism, which enhance microorganism amount and metabolic activity. The mechanical strength of GAC scoured membrane surface to mitigate external fouling and pores absorbed EPS to reduce internal fouling. The combined effects could improve NdAMO microorganism growth and metabolism activity and finally improved nitrogen removal performance and controlled membrane fouling. These findings could deep the knowledge of NdAMO process and help extend its application potential in environment science and engineering.
更新日期:2020-03-26

 

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