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Characterization of VDR and CYP27B1 expression in the endometrium during the menstrual cycle before embryo transfer: implications for endometrial receptivity
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology ( IF 2.589 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-17 , DOI: 10.1186/s12958-020-00579-y
Jing Guo; Shan Liu; Peng Wang; Haiying Ren; Yuan Li

Molecular analyses of vitamin D in a typical cycling endometrium has received minimal research attention in the reproductive field. This study was designed to assess how expression of the endometrial vitamin D receptor (VDR) and CYP27B1, a vitamin D metabolizing enzyme, change during the menstrual cycle in women of reproductive age. In addition, this study explores the association between expression of vitamin D-VDR system and endometrial receptivity during the implantation window. Sixteen patients underwent standardized in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment and freeze-all techniques. Before embryo transfer, total serum 25(OH) D levels were determined through blood samples and VDR, CYP27B1, HOXA10, and CYP19 expression were determined through endometrial samples. Endometrial receptivity was also assessed using an electron microscope. We found that VDR protein expression was significantly lower throughout the endometrial secretory phase compared to the proliferative phase, while CYP27B1 expression remained constant during the menstrual cycle. During the implantation window, ultrastructural evaluation showed that higher serum vitamin D levels were associated with more mature pinopodes; VDR and HOXA10 protein expression were substantially elevated in pregnant women compared to non-pregnant women; and VDR protein levels were positively correlated with HOXA10 levels. In addition, serum vitamin D levels were positively correlated with VDR and HOXA10 protein levels in the endometrium. Women with increased VDR expression in the endometrium, especially during the implantation window of the menstrual cycle, were significantly more likely to be pregnant than women with decreased expression. Our results support the hypothesis that the Vitamin D-VDR system performs a role during the development of endometrial receptivity.
更新日期:2020-04-22

 

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