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Optimal Energy-Delay Scheduling for Energy-Harvesting WSNs With Interference Channel via Negatively Correlated Search
IEEE Internet of Things Journal ( IF 9.515 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-20 , DOI: 10.1109/jiot.2019.2954604
Dongbin Jiao; Peng Yang; Liqun Fu; Liangjun Ke; Ke Tang

Network resource allocation is an important issue for designing energy-harvesting wireless sensor networks (EH-WSNs). This article considers the capacity assignment problem in EH-WSNs with the interference channel for fixed data and energy flow topologies. We focus on the optimal data rates, power allocations, and energy transfers, minimizing the total network delay for the network. We first consider a simplified model where the data flow is fixed on each data link and optimizes transmit power at each sensor node for a single energy harvest in a time slot. However, the optimization problem is nonconvex, making it difficult to find the optimal solution. Unlike the most traditional methods that approximate the original optimization problem as a convex optimization problem by considering the relatively high signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR), this article aims to directly solve the original nonconvex formulation by employing a powerful evolutionary algorithm, i.e., negatively correlated search (NCS). Then, we investigate the joint optimization problem of capacity and flow for the entire EH-WSNs, and develop a novel multiobjective NCS algorithm (MOEA/D-NCS) to deal with the complicated nonlinear constraints and optimize the data rates, power allocations, and energy transfer simultaneously, so as to minimize the total network delay. The numerical results demonstrate that solving the nonconvex problem with approximated approach is a good alternative for solving the approximated convex problem with accurate optimization approaches; the joint optimization of capacity and flow is a good solution for EH-WSNs; and the scheme of partial transmission for data flow is an advantage in respect of decreasing the network delay. The solution of this article could also be beneficial to other complex optimization problems in the wireless network design.
更新日期:2020-03-16

 

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