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Association of vascular endothelial growth factor polymorphisms with polycystic ovarian syndrome risk: a meta-analysis
Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology ( IF 2.589 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-09 , DOI: 10.1186/s12958-020-00577-0
Jiahui Zhao; Da Li; Huaiyun Tang; Lisha Tang

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a multi-gene hereditary disorder caused by the interaction of certain gene variation with environmental factors. Previous studies have shown that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene polymorphisms are associated with the risk of polycystic ovarian syndrome. However, the results of these studies remain controversial. We performed the present meta-analysis aiming to further investigate the potential relationship between VEGF polymorphisms and susceptibility to PCOS. The following databases were systematically searched: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science (WOS), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang Databases. The correlation between VEGF polymorphisms and PCOS risk was assessed by calculating pooled odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Subgroup analyses stratified by ethnicity and source of control were also conducted. Besides, trial sequential analysis (TSA) was done to verify the reliability of the pooled results. 10 relevant case-control studies were incorporated in this meta-analysis, involving 1347 PCOS cases and 1378 controls. The VEGF rs2010963 polymorphism was associated with decreased PCOS risk in the whole population and the Asian populations. The VEGF rs3025039 polymorphism was associated with decreased PCOS susceptibility and the Asian populations, but increased risk of PCOS was observed among the Caucasian populations. In addition, the results of trial sequential analysis (TSA) showed the negative correlation between rs2010963 and PCOS risk, obtained by our meta-analysis, was stable and reliable. Overall, different VEGF gene polymorphisms may exert different effects on PCOS susceptibility. The VEGF rs2010963 polymorphism decreases PCOS susceptibility in both the whole population and the Asian populations, and VEGF rs3025039 polymorphism causes lower PCOS susceptibility in the whole population and the Asian populations but higher in the Caucasian populations.
更新日期:2020-04-22

 

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