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Integrated genomic characterization of ERBB2/HER2 alterations in invasive breast carcinoma: a focus on unusual FISH groups
Modern Pathology ( IF 6.365 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-11 , DOI: 10.1038/s41379-020-0504-5
Soo-Ryum Yang; Yosr Bouhlal; Francisco M. De La Vega; Morgan Ballard; Calvin J. Kuo; Anna Vilborg; Greg Jensen; Kimberly Allison

In patients with invasive breast cancer, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) testing for HER2 typically demonstrates the clear presence or lack of ERBB2 (HER2) amplification (i.e., groups 1 or 5). However, a small subset of patients can present with unusual HER2 FISH patterns (groups 2–4), resulting in diagnostic confusion. To provide clarity, the 2018 CAP/ASCO HER2 testing guideline recommends additional testing using HER2 immunohistochemistry (IHC) for determining the final HER2 status. Despite this effort, the genomic correlates of unusual HER2 FISH groups remain poorly understood. Here, we used droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) and targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) to characterize the genomic features of both usual and unusual HER2 FISH groups. In this study, 51 clinical samples were selected to represent FISH groups 1–5. Furthermore, group 1 was subdivided into two groups, with groups 1A and 1B corresponding to cases with HER2 signals/cell ≥6.0 and 4–6, respectively. Overall, our findings revealed a wide range of copy number alterations in HER2 across the different FISH groups. As expected, groups 1A and 5 showed the clear presence and lack of HER2 copy number gain, respectively, as measured by ddPCR and NGS. In contrast, group 1B and other uncommon FISH groups (groups 2–4) were characterized by a broader range of HER2 copy levels with only a few select cases showing high-level gain. Notably, these cases with increased HER2 copy levels also showed HER2 overexpression by IHC, thus highlighting the correlation between HER2 copy number and HER2 protein expression. Given the concordance between the genomic and protein results, our findings suggest that HER2 IHC may inform HER2 copy number status in patients with unusual FISH patterns. Hence, our results support the current recommendation for using IHC to resolve HER2 status in FISH groups 2–4.
更新日期:2020-04-24

 

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