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Incorporating biophilic criteria into green building rating tools: Case study of Green Mark and LEED
Environmental Impact Assessment Review ( IF 3.749 ) Pub Date : 2020-03-12 , DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2020.106380
Boya Jiang; Yifan Song; Hong Xian Li; Stephen Siu-Yu Lau; Qinghua Lei

The integration of health and well-being into green building rating tools (GBRTs) has been increasingly advocated in recent years, moving beyond an energy efficiency focus. The proposed research responds to this movement by offering a multi-angle analysis of the process of incorporating biophilic strategies into the GBRTs—the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) V4 for Building Design and Construction, LEED V4 for Neighborhood Development, and Green Mark for Non-Residential Buildings (NRB): 2015. Based on a literature review, 42 categories of biophilic strategies are reformatted and reorganized in this paper. Moreover, four influencing factors are identified in this paper, including climate, policy, hydrology, and geography, which enable a correlative comparison through the categories of landscape, ventilation, interaction, mitigation, sense, and mobility. Based on comprehensive analysis, three findings are identified: (1) the correlations and divergences of biophilic strategies among the GBRTs are scrutinized; (2) policy and climate comprise the key influencing factors with high impacts for GM and LEED BD + C, while policy and geography are key factors for LEED ND, as the GBRTs shift from sustainability to well-being; and (3) corresponding to the identified key factors, suggestions are proposed for the stakeholders to support improvements to facilitate biophilic integration with GM and LEED (BD + C, ND).
更新日期:2020-03-12

 

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