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Characterizations and approximability of hard counting classes below #P
arXiv - CS - Computational Complexity Pub Date : 2020-03-05 , DOI: arxiv-2003.02524
Eleni Bakali; Aggeliki Chalki; Aris Pagourtzis

An important objective of research in counting complexity is to understand which counting problems are approximable. In this quest, the complexity class TotP, a hard subclass of #P, is of key importance, as it contains self-reducible counting problems with easy decision version, thus eligible to be approximable. Indeed, most problems known so far to admit an fpras fall into this class. An open question raised recently by the community of descriptive complexity is to find a logical characterization of TotP and of robust subclasses of TotP. In this work we define two subclasses of TotP, in terms of descriptive complexity, both of which are robust in the sense that they have natural complete problems, which are defined in terms of satisfiability of Boolean formulae. We then explore the relationship between the class of approximable counting problems and TotP. We prove that TotP $\nsubseteq$ FPRAS if and only if NP $\neq$ RP and FPRAS $\nsubseteq$ TotP unless RP = P. To this end we introduce two ancillary classes that can both be seen as counting versions of RP. We further show that FPRAS lies between one of these classes and a counting version of BPP. Finally, we provide a complete picture of inclusions among all the classes defined or discussed in this paper with respect to different conjectures about the NP vs. RP vs. P questions.
更新日期:2020-03-06

 

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