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Chemical Fingerprinting of Olive Oils by Electrospray Ionization-Differential Mobility Analysis-Mass Spectrometry: A New Alternative to Food Authenticity Testing.
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry ( IF 3.202 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-20 , DOI: 10.1021/jasms.9b00006
María-Ysabel Piñero,Mario Amo-González,Rafael Delgado Ballesteros,Leticia Ruiz Pérez,Gonzalo Fernández de la Mora,Lourdes Arce

Recently, the olive oil industry has been the subject of harsh criticism for false labeling and even adulterating olive oils. This situation in which both the industry and the population are affected leads to an urgent need to increase controls to avoid fraudulent activities around this precious product. The aim of this work is to propose a new analytical platform by coupling electrospray ionization (ESI), differential mobility analysis (DMA), and mass spectrometry (MS) for the analysis of olive oils based on the information obtained from the chemical fingerprint (nontargeted analyses). Regarding the sample preparation, two approaches were proposed: (i) sample dilution and (ii) liquid-liquid extraction (LLE). To demonstrate the feasibility of the method, 30 olive oil samples in 3 different categories were analyzed, using 21 of them to elaborate the classification model and the remaining 9 to test it (blind samples). To develop the prediction model, principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used. The overall success rate of the classification to differentiate among extra virgin olive oil (EVOO), virgin olive oil (VOO), and lampante olive oil (LOO) was 89% for the LLE samples and 67% for the diluted samples. However, combining both methods, the ability to differentiate EVOO from lower-quality oils (VOO and LOO) and the edible oils (EVOO and VOO) from nonedible oil (LOO) was 100%. The results show that ESI-DMA-MS can become an effective tool for the olive oil sector.
更新日期:2020-02-20

 

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