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A Geologist Reflects on a Long Career
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences ( IF 9.089 ) Pub Date : 2018-05-30 , DOI: 10.1146/annurev-earth-082517-010111
Dan McKenzie

Fifty years ago Jason Morgan and I proposed what is now known as the theory of plate tectonics, which brought together the ideas of continental drift and sea floor spreading into what is probably their final form. I was twenty-five and had just finished my PhD. The success of the theory marked the beginning of a change of emphasis in the Earth sciences, which I have spent the rest of my career exploring. Previously geophysicists had principally been concerned with using ideas and techniques from physics to make measurements. But the success of plate tectonics showed that it could also be used to understand and model geological processes. This essay is concerned with a few such efforts in which I have been involved: determining the temperature structure and rheology of the oceanic and continental lithosphere, and with how mantle convection maintains the plate motions and the long-wavelength part of the Earth's gravity field. It is also concerned with how such research is supported.
更新日期:2018-05-30

 

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