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Performance Guarantees of Distributed Algorithms for QoS in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks
arXiv - CS - Discrete Mathematics Pub Date : 2018-10-06 , DOI: arxiv-1810.04109
Ashwin Ganesan

Consider a wireless network where each communication link has a minimum bandwidth quality-of-service requirement. Certain pairs of wireless links interfere with each other due to being in the same vicinity, and this interference is modeled by a conflict graph. Given the conflict graph and link bandwidth requirements, the objective is to determine, using only localized information, whether the demands of all the links can be satisfied. At one extreme, each node knows the demands of only its neighbors; at the other extreme, there exists an optimal, centralized scheduler that has global information. The present work interpolates between these two extremes by quantifying the tradeoff between the degree of decentralization and the performance of the distributed algorithm. This open problem is resolved for the primary interference model, and the following general result is obtained: if each node knows the demands of all links in a ball of radius $d$ centered at the node, then there is a distributed algorithm whose performance is away from that of an optimal, centralized algorithm by a factor of at most $(2d+3)/(2d+2)$. The tradeoff between performance and complexity of the distributed algorithm is also analyzed. It is shown that for line networks under the protocol interference model, the row constraints are a factor of at most $3$ away from optimal. Both bounds are best possible.
更新日期:2020-02-19

 

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