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The Rab5 activator RME-6 is required for amyloid precursor protein endocytosis depending on the YTSI motif.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences ( IF 7.014 ) Pub Date : 2020-02-17 , DOI: 10.1007/s00018-020-03467-1
Simone Eggert,Tomas Gruebl,Ritu Rajender,Carsten Rupp,Bianca Sander,Amelie Heesch,Marius Zimmermann,Sebastian Hoepfner,Hanswalter Zentgraf,Stefan Kins

Endocytosis of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is critical for generation of β-amyloid, aggregating in Alzheimer's disease. APP endocytosis depending on the intracellular NPTY motif is well investigated, whereas involvement of the YTSI (also termed BaSS) motif remains controversial. Here, we show that APP lacking the YTSI motif (ΔYTSI) displays reduced localization to early endosomes and decreased internalization rates, similar to APP ΔNPTY. Additionally, we show that the YTSI-binding protein, PAT1a interacts with the Rab5 activator RME-6, as shown by several independent assays. Interestingly, knockdown of RME-6 decreased APP endocytosis, whereas overexpression increased the same. Similarly, APP ΔNPTY endocytosis was affected by PAT1a and RME-6 overexpression, whereas APP ΔYTSI internalization remained unchanged. Moreover, we could show that RME-6 mediated increase of APP endocytosis can be diminished upon knocking down PAT1a. Together, our data identify RME-6 as a novel player in APP endocytosis, involving the YTSI-binding protein PAT1a.
更新日期:2020-02-18

 

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