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The association between chronotype, food craving and weight gain in pregnant women.
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics ( IF 3.146 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-04 , DOI: 10.1111/jhn.12723
G P Teixeira,L C T Balieiro,C A Gontijo,W M Fahmy,Y C P Maia,C A Crispim

BACKGROUND This cross-sectional study investigated the association between chronotype, food craving and weight gain in pregnant women. METHODS In total, 245 pregnant women attending the public health service in Brazil were included. Chronotype was derived from the time of mid-sleep time on free days, with a further correction for calculated sleep debt, and higher scores on this variable indicate a tendency to eveningness. A Food Craving Questionnaire Trait and State assessment was performed, and weight gain was calculated. Generalised linear models were used to determine the association between the variables under analysis. RESULTS Evening types presented higher anticipation of relief from negative states and feelings as a result of eating as a usual behaviour compared to morning (P = 0.013) and non-evening types (P = 0.028); less intense desire to eat as a sporadic behaviour compared to morning (P = 0.012) and non-evening types (P = 0.009); and less anticipation of positive reinforcement that may result from eating as a sporadic behaviour than non-evening types (P = 0.022). We also found a significant association between chronotype score and anticipation of relief from negative states and feelings as a result of eating (P = 0.004); anticipation of positive reinforcement that may result from eating (P = 0.013) as a usual behaviour; weight gain during the early gestational period (P = 0.024); and intense desire to eat (P = 0.045) as a sporadic behaviour. CONCLUSIONS We conclude that evening chronotype was associated with the food craving trait. Pregnant women who tend to eveningness are more likely to gain weight in the early gestational period.
更新日期:2019-12-04

 

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