Microchemical Journal ( IF 3.594 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-25 , DOI: 10.1016/j.microc.2020.104672 Fardin Harati; Alireza Ghiasvand; Kolsoum Dalvand; Paul R. Haddad
The internal surface of a fused-silica capillary was made much more porous, more adsorptive and resistant to chemical and mechanical stresses by chemical coating using nanostructured octadecyl silica particles. The modification process was conducted using a simple and green nucleosynthesis procedure. The internally modified capillary was used as an in-tube solid-phase microextraction (IT-SPME) device for the extraction and preconcentration of ultratrace levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in aqueous samples, followed by determination using gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID) system. Morphology and structure of the sorbent was characterized by FT-IR, SEM and energy dispersive X-ray techniques. The effects of a range of experimental variables on the efficiency of the IT-SPME-GC-FID method were evaluated and optimized. Under the optimal conditions, good linearity (R2>0.99) was obtained for the calibration graphs over the range of 1-4000 ng mL−1. Detection limits were 0.22-0.47 ng mL−1 and relative standard deviations were obtained in the range 4.4-10.3%. Recoveries of the spiked samples were found to be 78.7-103.5%. The proposed IT-SPME-GC-FID strategy was applied successfully for the analysis of PAHs in real water samples. The results demonstrated good analytical performances, compared with those reported elsewhere for the sampling and quantification of PAHs in aqueous media.