Breast Cancer Research and Treatment ( IF 3.831 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-23 , DOI: 10.1007/s00198-020-05307-1 M T Kilbane,R K Crowley,P J Twomey,C Maher,M J McKenna
We describe a unique case of hyperphosphatemia associated with a very high bone turnover rate in a 51-year-old postmenopausal woman with undiagnosed anorexia nervosa (AN) who presented with a low-trauma hip fracture. In view of her severely malnourished state, she was not fit for surgery. She was treated according to a refeeding protocol that mandated bed rest. Contrary to expectation, she developed sustained hyperphosphatemia and borderline hypercalcemia. Bone remodelling markers, both resorption and formation, were markedly elevated. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) was low-normal at 1.7 pmol/L, C-terminal fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) was high at 293 RU/ml, but tubular maximum reabsorption of phosphate (TmPO4/GFR) was elevated at 1.93 mmol/L. Denosumab 60 mg was administered that was followed by: rapid normalisation of serum phosphate; normalisation of resorption markers, transient hypocalcaemia with secondary hyperparathyroidism, and normalisation of both TmPO4/GFR and C-terminal FGF23. We speculate that prolonged immobilization as part of AN management led to a high remodelling state followed by hyperphosphatemia and high-normal calcium with appropriate suppression of PTH and that marked hyperphosphatemia and high TmP/GFR despite high FGF23 indicates the necessity of PTH adequacy for excess FGF23 to lower TmP/GFR.