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Pattern-Directed Phase Transitions and VOC Sensing of Liquid Crystal Films
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research ( IF 3.375 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-27 , DOI: 10.1021/acs.iecr.9b05357
Ravi Bolleddu; Snigdha Chakraborty; Mitradip Bhattacharjee; Nandini Bhandaru; Siddharth Thakur; Partho Sarathi Gooh-Pattader; Rabibrata Mukherjee; Dipankar Bandyopadhyay

Solvent vapor exposure could transform a crystalline or smectic liquid crystal (LC) film into nematic and isotropic phases under ambient conditions. The average time for such phase transitions is found to linearly reduce with an increase in vapor pressure and reduction in the molecular weight of solvents. Such responses of solvent vapor-annealed phase transitions of a nanoparticle-loaded LC droplet were then converted into an electrical signal, wherein the electrical resistance reduced (increased) with time upon destruction (restoration) of the orientational order of the LC matrix. Variation in the electrical response was used to identify the volatile organic vapors, phase transition of LCs, rate of diffusion–absorption of solvent into LCs, and rate of desorption–evaporation of solvent from LCs. Pattern-directed phase transitions on physically heterogeneous surfaces showed a faster (slower) kinetics on thinner (thicker) patterns. However, for chemically heterogeneous surfaces, weaker (stronger) anchoring of LCs on hydrophobic (hydrophilic) patches ensured a faster (slower) transition.
更新日期:2020-01-29

 

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