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Possibility and prevention of inappropriate data manipulation in Polar Data Journal
arXiv - CS - Logic in Computer Science Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: arxiv-2001.04232
Takeshi Terui; Yasuyuki Minamiyama; Kazutsuna Yamaji

Stakeholders in the scientific field must always maintain transparency in the process of publishing research results in journals. Unfortunately, although research misconduct has stopped, certain forms of manipulation continue to appear in other forms. As new techniques of scientific publishing develop, science stakeholders need to examine the possibility of inappropriate activity in these new platforms. The National Institute of Polar Research in Japan launched a new data journal Polar Data Journal (PDJ) in 2017 to review the quality of data obtained in the polar region. To maintain transparency in this new data journal, we investigated the possibility of inappropriate data manipulation in peer reviews before the inception of this journal. We clarified inappropriate activity for the data in the peer review and considered preventive measures. We designed a specific workflow for PDJ. This included two measures: (i) the comparison of hash values in the review process and (ii) open peer review report publishing. Using the hash value comparison, we detected two instances of inappropriate data manipulation after the start of the journal. This research will help improve workflow in data journals and data repositories.
更新日期:2020-01-14

 

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