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Thermal stability and flammability assessment of 1-ethyl-2, 3-dimethylimidazolium nitrate
Process Safety and Environmental Protection ( IF 4.384 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-14 , DOI: 10.1016/j.psep.2020.01.001
Bin Zhang; Shang-Hao Liu; Jie Liu; Zhi-He Zhang; Bin Laiwang; Chi-Min Shu

1-Ethyl-2, 3-dimethylimidazolium nitrate [C2mmim][NO3] is a typical solvent for industrial applications. Under inappropriate temperatures, [C2mmim][NO3] may present a flammability hazard due to thermal decomposition. This study investigated the thermal stability and flammability of [C2mmim][NO3] via simultaneous thermogravimetric analyzer, homemade combustion test device (CTD) with high speed camera, and thermogravimetry coupled with Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (TG-FTIR). The thermal decomposition of [C2mmim][NO3] was divided into two parts based upon the dynamic experiments, and the maximum operating temperature was determined to comprehensively estimate the thermal stability of [C2mmim][NO3]. CTD experiments indicated that [C2mmim][NO3] could produce intense combustion when heated. Further TG-FTIR experiments confirmed that [C2mmim][NO3] decomposed to produce a large number of flammable gases, such as ethylene, which might be the reason that [C2mmim][NO3] has prominent flammability.
更新日期:2020-01-14

 

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