当前位置: X-MOL 学术Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. › 论文详情
Multifeature analyses of vascular cambial cells reveal longevity mechanisms in old Ginkgo biloba trees.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America ( IF 9.412 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-13 , DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1916548117
Li Wang,Jiawen Cui,Biao Jin,Jianguo Zhao,Huimin Xu,Zhaogeng Lu,Weixing Li,Xiaoxia Li,Linling Li,Eryuan Liang,Xiaolan Rao,Shufang Wang,Chunxiang Fu,Fuliang Cao,Richard A Dixon,Jinxing Lin

Aging is a universal property of multicellular organisms. Although some tree species can live for centuries or millennia, the molecular and metabolic mechanisms underlying their longevity are unclear. To address this, we investigated age-related changes in the vascular cambium from 15- to 667-y-old Ginkgo biloba trees. The ring width decreased sharply during the first 100 to 200 y, with only a slight change after 200 y of age, accompanied by decreasing numbers of cambial cell layers. In contrast, average basal area increment (BAI) continuously increased with aging, showing that the lateral meristem can retain indeterminacy in old trees. The indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) concentration in cambial cells decreased with age, whereas the content of abscisic acid (ABA) increased significantly. In addition, cell division-, cell expansion-, and differentiation-related genes exhibited significantly lower expression in old trees, especially miR166 and HD-ZIP III interaction networks involved in cambial activity. Disease resistance-associated genes retained high expression in old trees, along with genes associated with synthesis of preformed protective secondary metabolites. Comprehensive evaluation of the expression of genes related to autophagy, senescence, and age-related miRNAs, together with analysis of leaf photosynthetic efficiencies and seed germination rates, demonstrated that the old trees are still in a healthy, mature state, and senescence is not manifested at the whole-plant level. Taken together, our results reveal that long-lived trees have evolved compensatory mechanisms to maintain a balance between growth and aging processes. This involves continued cambial divisions, high expression of resistance-associated genes, and continued synthetic capacity of preformed protective secondary metabolites.
更新日期:2020-01-29

 

全部期刊列表>>
施普林格自然
最近合集,配们化学
欢迎访问IOP中国网站
GIANT
自然职场线上招聘会
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
何川
苏昭铭
陈刚
姜涛
李闯创
复旦大学
刘立明
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
天合科研
x-mol收录
上海纽约大学
曾林
天津大学
何振宇
史大永
吉林大学
卓春祥
张昊
刘冬生
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug