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Suppressing motional dephasing of ground-Rydberg transition for high-fidelity quantum control with neutral atoms
Physical Review Applied ( IF 4.532 ) Pub Date : 
Xiao-Feng Shi

The performance of many control tasks with Rydberg atoms can be improved via suppression of the motion-induced dephasing between ground and Rydberg states of neutral atoms. The dephasing often occurs during the {} time when the atom is shelved in a Rydberg state before its deexcitation. This work presents two theories to suppress this dephasing. {}, by using laser fields to induce specific extra phase change to the Rydberg state during the gap time, it is possible to faithfully transfer the Rydberg state back to the ground state after the gap. Although the Rydberg state transitions back and forth between different eigenstates during the gap time, it preserves the blockade interaction between the atom of interest and a nearby Rydberg excitation. This simple method of suppressing the motional dephasing of a flying Rydberg atom can be used in a broad range of quantum control over neutral atoms. {}, we find that the motional dephasing can also be suppressed by using a transition in a V'-type dual-rail configuration. The left~(right) arm of thisV’ represents a transition to a Rydberg state |r1(2)⟩ with a Rabi frequency Ωeikz(Ωe−ikz), where z is frozen without atomic drift, but changes linearly in each experimental cycle. Such a configuration is equivalent to a transition between the ground state and a hybrid and time-dependent Rydberg state with a Rabi frequency 2Ω, such that there is no phase error whenever the state returns to the ground state. We study two applications of the second theory: (i) it is possible to faithfully transfer the atomic state between a hyperfine ground state and Rydberg states |r1(2)⟩ with no {} time between the excitation and deexcitation; (ii) by adding infrared laser fields to induce transition between |r1(2)⟩ and a nearby Rydberg state |r3⟩ via a largely detuned low-lying intermediate state in the {} time, the atom can keep its internal state in the Rydberg level as well as adjust the population branching in |r1(2)⟩ during the {} time. This allows an almost perfect Rydberg deexcitation after the {} time, making it possible to recover a high fidelity in the Rydberg blockade gate. The theories pave the way for high-fidelity quantum control over neutral Rydberg atoms without cooling qubits to the motional ground states in optical traps.
更新日期:2020-01-10

 

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