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Biased agonists at the human Y1 receptor lead to prolonged membrane residency and extended receptor G protein interaction.
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences ( IF 7.014 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-09 , DOI: 10.1007/s00018-019-03432-7
Anette Kaiser,Lizzy Wanka,Isabelle Ziffert,Annette G Beck-Sickinger

Functionally selective ligands to address specific cellular responses downstream of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) open up new possibilities for therapeutics. We designed and characterized novel subtype- and pathway-selective ligands. Substitution of position Q34 of neuropeptide Y to glycine (G34-NPY) results in unprecedented selectivity over all other YR subtypes. Moreover, this ligand displays a significant bias towards activation of the Gi/o pathway over recruitment of arrestin-3. Notably, no bias is observed for an established Y1R versus Y2R selective ligand carrying a proline at position 34 (F7,P34-NPY). Next, we investigated the spatio-temporal signaling at the Y1R and demonstrated that G protein-biased ligands promote a prolonged localization at the cell membrane, which leads to enhanced G protein signaling, while endosomal receptors do not contribute to cAMP signaling. Thus, spatial components are critical for the signaling of the Y1R that can be modulated by tailored ligands and represent a novel mode for biased pathways.
更新日期:2020-01-09

 

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