Advances in Mathematics ( IF 1.494 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-08 , DOI: 10.1016/j.aim.2019.106960 Sunghan Kim; Ki-Ahm Lee
We establish higher order convergence rates in periodic homogenization of fully nonlinear uniformly parabolic Cauchy problems accompanied with rapidly oscillating initial data. Such result is new even for linear problems. Here we construct higher order initial layer and interior correctors, which describe the oscillatory behavior near the initial and interior time zone of the domain. To construct higher order correctors, we develop a regularity theory in macroscopic scales, and prove an exponential decay estimate for initial layer correctors.
The higher order expansion requires an iteration process: successively correcting the initial layer, then the interior. This leads to a more complicated asymptotic expansion, as compared to the non-oscillating data case, and this complexity is present even in the linear case.
A notable observation for fully nonlinear operators is that even if the given operator is space-time periodic, the interior correctors become aperiodic in the time variable as we proceed with the iteration process. Moreover, each interior corrector of higher order is paired with a space-time periodic version, and the difference between the two decays exponentially fast with time.