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Comparative usability of an augmented reality sandtable and 3D GIS for education
International Journal of Geographical Information Science ( IF 3.545 ) Pub Date : 2019-08-27 , DOI: 10.1080/13658816.2019.1656810
Antoni Moore; Ben Daniel; Greg Leonard; Holger Regenbrecht; Judy Rodda; Lewis Baker; Raki Ryan; Steven Mills

Augmented Reality (AR) sandtables facilitate the shaping of sand to form a surface that is transformed into a digital terrain map which is projected back onto the sand. Although a mature technology, there are still few instances of sandtables being used in surface analysis. Fundamentally there has not been any reported formal assessment of how well sandtables perform in an educational context compared to other conventional learning environments. We compared learning outcomes from using an AR sandtable versus a conventional 3D GIS to convey key concepts in terrain and hydrological analyses via usability and knowledge testing. Overall results from students at a research-intensive New Zealand university reveal a faster task performance and more learning satisfaction when using the sandtable to undertake experimental tasks. Effectiveness and knowledge quiz results revealed no significant difference between the technologies though there was a trend for more accurate answers with 3D GIS tasks. Student learning wise, the sandtable integrated core concepts (especially morphometry) more effectively though both technologies were otherwise similar. We conclude that sandtables have high potential in geospatial teaching, fostering accessible and engaging means of introducing terrain and hydrological concepts, prior to undertaking a more accurate and precise surface analysis with 3D GIS.
更新日期:2020-01-08

 

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