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Composite Right/Left-Handed Leaky-Wave Antennas for Wide-Angle Beam Scanning With Flexibly Chosen Frequency Range
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation ( IF 4.371 ) Pub Date : 2019-10-16 , DOI: 10.1109/tap.2019.2946750
Debabrata K. Karmokar; Y. Jay Guo; Shu-Lin Chen; Trevor S. Bird

A composite right/left-handed (CRLH) leaky-wave antenna (LWA) can effectively scan the radiation beam from backward-to-forward direction. However, in most cases, a large range of frequency sweep is required to achieve a wide-angle beam scan, which could limit their applications. An in-depth study is conducted on an equivalent circuit model for a CRLH LWA unit cell to find the controlling parameters on the frequency sweeping range. A systematic design guideline is given for a CRLH LWA for a wide-angle beam scan in a flexibly chosen frequency range. It is shown that beam scanning by sweeping frequency in a target range can be achieved by systematically designing the unit cell parameters. To verify our approach, a novel CRLH unit cell is developed and used to design an LWA for a wide-angle beam scan in a narrow frequency range. Finally, the concept is validated through realization of the antenna and its measurement. The measured results show that the antenna prototype can scan its beam from −56° to +51° when frequency sweeps from 5.1 to 6.11 GHz (i.e., 18.02% of fractional bandwidth).
更新日期:2020-01-07

 

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