arXiv - CS - Discrete Mathematics Pub Date : 2020-01-04 , DOI: arxiv-2001.01078
Mustafa Kemal Tural

Given $n$ positive integers $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n$, and a positive integer right hand side $\beta$, we consider the feasibility version of the subset sum problem which is the problem of determining whether a subset of $a_1,a_2,\dots,a_n$ adds up to $\beta$. We show that if the right hand side $\beta$ is chosen as $\lfloor r\sum_{j=1}^n a_j \rfloor$ for a constant $0 < r < 1$ and if the $a_j$'s are independentand identically distributed from a discrete uniform distribution taking values ${1,2,\dots,\lfloor 10^{n/2} \rfloor }$, then the probability that the instance of the subset sum problem generated requires the creation of an exponential number of branch-and-bound nodes when one branches on the individual variables in any order goes to $1$ as $n$ goes to infinity.

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