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Electrochemical biosensors based on nucleic acid aptamers.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry ( IF 3.286 ) Pub Date : 2020-01-07 , DOI: 10.1007/s00216-019-02226-x
Anabel Villalonga,Ana María Pérez-Calabuig,Reynaldo Villalonga

During recent decades, nucleic acid aptamers have emerged as powerful biological recognition elements for electrochemical affinity biosensors. These bioreceptors emulate or improve on antibody-based biosensors because of their excellent characteristics as bioreceptors, including limitless selection capacity for a large variety of analytes, easy and cost-effective production, high stability and reproducibility, simple chemical modification, stable and oriented immobilization on electrode surfaces, enhanced target affinity and selectivity, and possibility to design them in target-sensitive 3D folded structures. This review provides an overview of the state of the art of electrochemical aptasensor technology, focusing on novel aptamer-based electroanalytical assay configurations and providing examples to illustrate the different possibilities. Future prospects for this technology are also discussed. Graphical abstract.
更新日期:2020-01-07

 

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