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Biomarker signatures of Cretaceous Gondwana amber from Ipubi Formation (Araripe Basin, Brazil) and their palaeobotanical significance
Journal of South American Earth Sciences ( IF 1.655 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-16 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jsames.2019.102413
Ricardo Pereira; Flaviana Jorge de Lima; Felipe M. Simbras; Sheila Maria Bretas Bittar; Alexander Wilhelm Armin Kellner; Antônio Álamo F. Saraiva; Renan A.M. Bantim; Juliana M. Sayão; Gustavo R. Oliveira

An amber (UFRPE 5037), from the black shales of the Ipubi Formation, Araripe Basin (Brazil), has been analyzed to understand its organic geochemical characteristics and possible botanical source using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The analyses carried out detected monoterpenes, hydrocarbonic sesquiterpenes, and aliphatic diterpanes like abietanes and norabietanes, as well as aromatic diterpanes such as simonellite, norsimonellite, retene, hinokiol, ferruginol and dehydroabietic acid. Such a combination of components is mainly known to have originated from gymnosperms. The individual identification of diterpenoids allowed the suggestion of Cheirolepidiaceae or Podocarpaceae families as possible amber producers, pointing to a flora similar to the underlying Crato Formation. Therefore, UFRPE 5037 consists on the first amber record in the Ipubi Formation, allowing the acquisition of important information regarding the botanical sources associated to new Brazilian amber occurrence described here.
更新日期:2020-01-04

 

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