Journal of South American Earth Sciences ( IF 1.704 ) Pub Date : 2019-12-19 , DOI: 10.1016/j.jsames.2019.102465 Ramon de Oliveira Aranda; Alexandre de Oliveira Chaves; Edgar Batista de Medeiros Júnior; Ricardo Venturini Junior
The Afonso Cláudio Intrusive Complex (ACIC) is an igneous body located in the Espírito Santo state, Southeastern Brazil. It is inserted in the geological setting of the post-collisional G5 plutonic Supersuite, related to the extensional collapse stage of the Araçuaí-West Congo Orogen (AWCO). This study presents integrated data of field relationships, petrography, whole-rock geochemistry, zircon U-Pb geochronology and Lu-Hf isotopes that contributed to understand ACIC petrology. The ACIC intruded in pre-collisional orthogneisses and Nova Venécia Complex paragneisses of the AWCO. It is constituted by two monzogabbro/monzodiorite off-centered mafic cores surrounded by quartz monzonite. Mingling and mixing zones were mapped between these rocks, where jotunite and quartz mangerite occur. Host rock enclaves are observed enclosed by monzogabbro, monzodiorite and quartz monzonite, as well as monzogabbro/monzodiorite enclaves in the quartz monzonite. The ACIC rocks are enriched in LILE and LREE, showing alkali-calcic post-collisional geochemical signature. Zircon U-Pb dating revealed crystallization ages of 480.9 ± 3.2 Ma related to quartz monzonite and 496.5 ± 3.6 Ma to monzogabbro. Both rocks show negative zircon εHf (t) values (with average values of −11.78 and −10.41, respectively) and TDM ages of 1.79 Ga to quartz monzonite and 1.72 Ga to monzogabbro. Supported by presented data, two models can be proposed to the ACIC evolution during the collapse stage of the AWCO and both considering crustal contamination, mixing/mingling and assimilation associated to fractional crystallization. One is based on coeval mantle and crustal melting, with magmas interaction to generate an alkali-calcic magma, whose crystallization produced the monzogabbro and monzodiorite. With the continuity of the orogeny collapse, these mafic rocks would have melted and contributed to generate felsic magmas that crystalized as quartz monzonite. The second one argues in favor to mantle magma intrusion in a magmatic chamber where the nearby crustal rocks melted and the different magmas interacted between them. Monzogabbro and monzodiorite would have been generated by fractional crystallization of the mafic magmas and the quartz monzonite by crystallization of the felsic magmas. Due to the similarities among the post-collisional plutons in the AWCO, the proposed models may explain the petrogenesis of other similar plutons in this orogenic system.