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Resolution of neuroinflammation: mechanisms and potential therapeutic option.
Seminars in Immunopathology ( IF 7.480 ) Pub Date : 2019-11-08 , DOI: 10.1007/s00281-019-00764-1
Nikolaos Dokalis,Marco Prinz

The central nervous system (CNS) is comprised by an elaborate neural network that is under constant surveillance by tissue-intrinsic factors for maintenance of its homeostasis. Invading pathogens or sterile injuries might compromise vitally the CNS integrity and function. A prompt anti-inflammatory response is therefore essential to contain and repair the local tissue damage. Although the origin of the insults might be different, the principles of tissue backlashes, however, share striking similarities. CNS-resident cells, such as microglia and astrocytes, together with peripheral immune cells orchestrate an array of events that aim to functional restoration. If the acute inflammatory event remains unresolved, it becomes toxic leading to progressive CNS degeneration. Therefore, the cellular, molecular, and biochemical processes that regulate inflammation need to be on a fine balance with the intrinsic CNS repair mechanisms that influence tissue healing. The purpose of this review is to highlight aspects that facilitate the resolution of CNS inflammation, promote tissue repair, and functional recovery after acute injury and infection that could potentially contribute as therapeutic interventions.
更新日期:2019-11-01

 

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