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De Novo Assembled Transcriptome Analysis and Identification of Genic SSR Markers in Red-Flowered Strawberry.
Biochemical Genetics ( IF 2.027 ) Pub Date : 2019-03-03 , DOI: 10.1007/s10528-019-09912-6
Yan Ding,Li Xue,Rui-Xue Guo,Gang-Jun Luo,Yu-Tong Song,Jia-Jun Lei

Red-flowered strawberry is a new ornamental flower derived from intergeneric hybridization (Fragaria × Potentilla). To date, few molecular markers have been reported for this plant. RNA sequencing provides a relatively fast and low-cost approach for large-scale detection of simple sequence repeats (SSRs). In the present study, we profiled the transcriptome of red-flowered strawberry by Illumina HiSeq 2500 to identify SSRs related to petal color. Based on 2 million clean reads of red and white flowers from red-flowered strawberry hybrids, we assembled 91,835 unigenes with an average length of 717 bp. After functional annotation and prediction, there were 47,058 unigenes; of these, 26,861 had a gene ontology annotation, with 14,264 SSR loci. Mononucleotide SSRs were the predominant repeat type (47.20%, n = 6724), followed by di- (32.50%, n = 4641), tri- (19.10%, n = 2729), tetra- (0.90%, n = 132), hexa- (0.2%, n = 21), and penta- (0.10%, n = 16) nucleotide repeats. The most frequent di-, tri-, and tetra-nucleotide repeats were AG/CT, AAG/CTT, and AAAG/CTTT, respectively. PCR amplification with 105 SSR primer pairs yielded four bands specific to red flowers, namely UgRFsr57622, UgRFsr94149, UgRFsr40142, and UgRFsr54608; corresponding 4 trait-specific markers were found to co-segregate with white and red flower color in hybrid population, demonstrating that the genic SSR marker is useful to discriminate between white and red flowers in strawberry. Markers to discriminate flower color in red-flowered strawberry will be useful for early selection of progeny and for breeding management.
更新日期:2019-11-01

 

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