Advanced Materials ( IF 19.791 ) Pub Date : 2018-01-03 , DOI: 10.1002/adma.201704217 Hsinhan Tsai, Wanyi Nie, Jean-Christophe Blancon, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Chan Myae Myae Soe, Jinkyoung Yoo, Jared Crochet, Sergei Tretiak, Jacky Even, Aditya Sadhanala, Giovanni Azzellino, Roberto Brenes, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Vladimir Bulović, Samuel D. Stranks, Richard H. Friend, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis, Aditya D. Mohite
State-of-the-art light-emitting diodes (LEDs) are made from high-purity alloys of III–V semiconductors, but high fabrication cost has limited their widespread use for large area solid-state lighting. Here, efficient and stable LEDs processed from solution with tunable color enabled by using phase-pure 2D Ruddlesden–Popper (RP) halide perovskites with a formula (CH3(CH2)3NH3)2(CH3NH3)n−1PbnI3n+1 are reported. By using vertically oriented thin films that facilitate efficient charge injection and transport, efficient electroluminescence with a radiance of 35 W Sr−1 cm−2 at 744 nm with an ultralow turn-on voltage of 1 V is obtained. Finally, operational stability tests suggest that phase purity is strongly correlated to stability. Phase-pure 2D perovskites exhibit >14 h of stable operation at peak operating conditions with no droop at current densities of several Amperes cm−2 in comparison to mixtures of 2D/3D or 3D perovskites, which degrade within minutes.
Phase-pure Ruddlesden–Popper Layered Perovskites (RPLP) are investigated for light-emitting diode application. This work demonstrates that RPLP is a promising candidate for optoeletronics and the crystal orientation of RPLP plays a vital role in light-emitting diode devices, resulting in external quantum efficiency ≈1% with ultralow turn-on voltage.