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Field-evolved resistance to chitin synthesis inhibitor insecticides by soybean looper, Chrysodeixis includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), in Brazil
Chemosphere ( IF 5.778 ) Pub Date : 2020-06-29 , DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.127499
Regis F. Stacke; Daniela N. Godoy; Venicius E. Pretto; Fábio M. Führ; Patricia da S. Gubiani; Bruna L. Hettwer; Cinthia G. Garlet; Junior C. Somavilla; Dionei S. Muraro; Oderlei Bernardi

Soybean looper (SBL), Chrysodeixis includens (Walker), is an economically important soybean and cotton pest in Brazil. Here, we selected an SBL strain resistant to teflubenzuron using F2 screening, estimated the resistance allele frequency, characterized the inheritance of resistance, investigated fitness costs, evaluated patterns of cross-resistance, and determined the magnitude of resistance. The teflubenzuron-resistant strain (Teflu-R) was selected from field-collected populations with an estimated allele frequency of 0.1700. Estimated LC50 values were 0.010 and 363.61 μg a.i. cm-2 for the susceptible (Sus) and Teflu-R strains, respectively, representing a 36,361-fold resistance ratio (RR). The LC50 values of reciprocal crosses were 1.02 and 0.59 μg a.i. cm-2, suggesting that resistance is autosomally inherited. The low survival of reciprocal crosses (16 and 20%) on teflubenzuron-sprayed leaves indicates incomplete recessive resistance. The number of segregations influencing resistance was 2.72, suggesting a polygenic effect. The Teflu-R strain showed longer development periods as well as lower survival and population growth than the Sus strain, revealing fitness costs. The Teflu-R strain also showed high cross-resistancesto other chitin inhibitor insecticides, such as novaluron (RR = 6,147-fold) and lufenuron (RR = 953-fold), but low cross-resistance to methoxyfenozide, flubendiamide, and indoxacarb (RR < 3.45-fold). On discriminatory concentrations of teflubenzuron and novaluron, populations of SBL showed survival rates from 15 to 52%, indicating field resistance to these insecticides. Our findings indicated that resistance to teflubenzuron in SBL is autosomal, recessive, polygenic, and associated with fitness cost. We also found a high cross-resistance to other benzoylphenylureas and a high frequency of resistance to this mode-of-action in SBL in Brazil.
更新日期:2020-06-29

 

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