显示样式:     当前分类: 医药    当前期刊: Psychological Science in the Public Interest    加入关注    导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • Erratum
    Psychol. Sci. Public Interest (IF 14.143) Pub Date : 2017-04-10

    Original article: Bailey, J. M., Vasey, P. L., Diamond, L. M., Breedlove, S. M., Vilain, E., & Epprecht, M. (2016). Sexual orientation, controversy, and science. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 17, 45–101. doi:10.1177/1529100616637616

    更新日期:2017-09-05
  • The Relationship Between Eyewitness Confidence and Identification Accuracy: A New Synthesis
    Psychol. Sci. Public Interest (IF 14.143) Pub Date : 2017-03-22
    John T. Wixted; Gary L. Wells

    In his book On the Witness Stand: Essays on Psychology and Crime, Hugo Münsterberg (1908) warned about the unreliability of eyewitness memory. As it turns out, he was prescient. Since 1989, 349 wrongful convictions have been overturned through DNA testing, and eyewitness misidentification played a role in over 70% of those cases—far more than any other contributing cause (Innocence Project, 2016). No one doubts that the large majority of these misidentifications were made in good faith. Somehow, these eyewitnesses came to honestly but mistakenly believe that the innocent defendant was the person who committed the crime. How did that happen? The short explanation is that the procedures used for testing eyewitness identification were not developed and validated in the scientific laboratory before being implemented in the field. Instead, they were developed within the criminal justice system and implemented under the mistaken assumption that they accurately identified the guilty without unduly jeopardizing the innocent.

    更新日期:2017-09-05
  • Distilling the Confidence-Accuracy Message: A Comment on Wixted and Wells (2017)
    Psychol. Sci. Public Interest (IF 14.143) Pub Date : 2017-04-10
    Laura Mickes; Steven E. Clark; Scott D. Gronlund

    There has been a slow but steady evolution in how eyewitness researchers and the criminal justice system view the relationship between the accuracy of a witness’s initial identification and the confidence that the witness expresses in that identification. This evolution is most clearly illustrated in a comparison of the conclusions drawn by Sporer, Penrod, Read, and Cutler (1995) with those drawn by Wixted, Mickes, Clark, Gronlund, and Roediger (2015). Sporer et al. concluded,

    更新日期:2017-09-05
  • Better-Informed Juries Will Yield More Reliably Just Outcomes: A Commentary on Wixted and Wells (2017)
    Psychol. Sci. Public Interest (IF 14.143) Pub Date : 2017-04-10
    Andre M. Davis

    Twenty years ago, I was a United States district court judge presiding over civil and criminal cases, including jury trials, in the federal district court in Maryland. Then as now, a staple of the federal courts’ activity was the trial of those charged with robbery of federally insured financial institutions such as banks and credit unions. One such case sparkles in my memory.

    更新日期:2017-09-05
  • If I’m Certain, Is It True? Accuracy and Confidence in Eyewitness Memory
    Psychol. Sci. Public Interest (IF 14.143) Pub Date : 2017-04-10
    Elizabeth F. Loftus; Rachel L. Greenspan

    Two highly distinguished academics, John Wixted from the University of California, San Diego, and Gary Wells from Iowa State University, have come together to present a new synthesis of the literature on the relationship between the confidence of an eyewitness and the accuracy of that witness. The joining of these two forces will come as a surprise to many of us in the field who have seen them duke it out at professional meetings, and even more so to those who know that it even got personal in a widely circulated manuscript. It is a testament to the leadership at Psychological Science in the Public Interest that these two former adversaries could come together to produce a common product.

    更新日期:2017-09-05
  • About the Authors
    Psychol. Sci. Public Interest (IF 14.143) Pub Date : 2017-04-10

    John T. Wixted is a distinguished professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, San Diego. He earned his PhD in clinical psychology from Emory University in 1987. Although he is clinically trained, his research has always been concerned with understanding the basic mechanisms of human memory, which he investigates from a variety of different perspectives. In recent years, his work has focused on signal-detection analyses of recognition memory, the neuro-science of memory and amnesia, and eyewitness identification. Professionally, he has served as editor in chief of Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, and he recently completed a term as an associate editor of Psychological Review. He is the current editor of the upcoming five-volume 4th edition of the venerable Stevens’ Handbook, now titled Stevens’ Handbook of Experimental Psychology and Cognitive Neuroscience. In recognition of his achieve-ments, he has received numerous teaching awards over the years, and in 2011, he was the recipient of a prestigious award from the Society of Experimental Psychologists for distinction in contemporary research, the Howard Crosby Warren Medal.

    更新日期:2017-09-05
Some contents have been Reproduced with permission of the American Chemical Society.
Some contents have been Reproduced by permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry.
所有期刊列表A-Z