显示样式:     当前分类: 医药    当前期刊: The Lancet Global Health    加入关注    导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • Thank you to our peer reviewers
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-12
    Zoë Mullan

    As the scholarly community recognises Peer Review Week, and to coincide with the Peer Review Congress in Chicago, IL, USA, we once again take the opportunity to name (appendix) and thank the legion of reviewers who have given up their time to make The Lancet Global Health a better journal over the past year.

    更新日期:2017-09-13
  • Effect of counselling on health-care-seeking behaviours and rabies vaccination adherence after dog bites in Haiti, 2014–15: a retrospective follow-up survey
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Melissa Dominique Etheart, Maxwell Kligerman, Pierre Dilius Augustin, Jesse D Blanton, Benjamin Monroe, Ludder Fleurinord, Max Millien, Kelly Crowdis, Natael Fenelon, Ryan MacLaren Wallace
    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Effect of participatory women's groups and counselling through home visits on children's linear growth in rural eastern India (CARING trial): a cluster-randomised controlled trial
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Prevalence of hepatitis D virus infection in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Alexander J Stockdale, Mas Chaponda, Apostolos Beloukas, Richard Odame Phillips, Philippa C Matthews, Athanasios Papadimitropoulos, Simon King, Laura Bonnett, Anna Maria Geretti
    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Global respiratory syncytial virus-associated mortality in young children (RSV GOLD): a retrospective case series
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Nienke M Scheltema, Angela Gentile, Florencia Lucion, D James Nokes, Patrick K Munywoki, Shabir A Madhi, Michelle J Groome, Cheryl Cohen, Jocelyn Moyes, Kentigern Thorburn, Somsak Thamthitiwat, Hitoshi Oshitani, Socorro P Lupisan, Aubree Gordon, José F Sánchez, Katherine L O'Brien, Bradford D Gessner, Agustinus Sutanto, Asuncion Mejias, Octavio Ramilo, Najwa Khuri-Bulos, Natasha Halasa, Fernanda de-Paris, Márcia Rosane Pires, Michael C Spaeder, Bosco A Paes, Eric A F Simões, Ting F Leung, Maria Tereza da Costa Oliveira, Carla Cecília de Freitas Lázaro Emediato, Quique Bassat, Warwick Butt, Hsin Chi, Uzma Bashir Aamir, Asad Ali, Marilla G Lucero, Rodrigo A Fasce, Olga Lopez, Barbara A Rath, Fernando P Polack, Jesse Papenburg, Srđan Roglić, Hisato Ito, Edward A Goka, Diederick E Grobbee, Harish Nair, Louis J Bont
    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Early antenatal care visit: a systematic analysis of regional and global levels and trends of coverage from 1990 to 2013
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Ann-Beth Moller, Max Petzold, Doris Chou, Lale Say
    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Model citizen – Authors' reply
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Oliver J Brady, Hannah C Slater, Peter Pemberton-Ross, Edward Wenger, Richard J Maude, Azra C Ghani, Melissa A Penny, Jaline Gerardin, Lisa J White, Nakul Chitnis, Ricardo Aguas, Simon I Hay, David L Smith, Erin M Stuckey, Emelda A Okiro, Thomas A Smith, Lucy C Okell

    Tom Peto and colleagues point out, reasonably, that the effect of mass drug administration (MDA) on malaria could be affected substantially by patterns of human movement, and that our Article1 does not consider the effects of the specific patterns of movement they observed in Cambodia and west Africa. The purpose of our Article1 was to derive general results about the possible effect of MDA and to test how robust these are to the assumptions in different models, so we avoided assumptions about population movement that are specific to any particular place.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Model citizen
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Tom Peto, Rupam Tripura, Lorenz von Seidlein

    Oliver Brady and colleagues (May, 2017)1 collaborated with independent modelling groups and reached consensus on a few non-obvious points related to malaria elimination, one of which we find difficult to agree with.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Updated estimates of typhoid fever burden in sub-Saharan Africa
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Jong-Hoon Kim, Vittal Mogasale, Justin Im, Enusa Ramani, Florian Marks

    The Typhoid Fever Surveillance in Africa Program (TSAP), which was conducted over a 2-year period between 2010 and 2013, provided new incidence figures for typhoid fever in sub-Saharan Africa.1 We used these novel data to update estimates of typhoid fever disease burden in Africa according to a model that was previously developed to estimate typhoid fever disease burden in low-income and middle-income countries.2

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Can reverse innovation catalyse better value health care?
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Faheem Ahmed, Na'eem Ahmed, Tim W R Briggs, Peter J Pronovost, Devi P Shetty, Ashish K Jha, Vijay Govindarajan

    The remarkable progress emerging economies have made over the past few decades has attracted the attention of leaders and policymakers from developed countries across various industries. With intense financial pressures and growing public demand, advanced western health systems could learn from low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) that have successfully been doing more for less.1 Health-care innovations from LMICs can inspire health providers faced with the universal challenge of delivering high quality outcomes with increasingly scarce resources.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Medical Education Partnership Initiative gives birth to AFREhealth
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Francis Omaswa, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, Peter Donkor, James Hakim, Milliard Derbew, Sarah Baird, Seble Frehywot, Onesmus Wairumbi Gachuno, Steve Kamiza, Isaac Ongubo Kibwage, Kein Alfred Mteta, Yakub Mulla, Fitzhugh Mullan, Jean B Nachega, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Emilia Noormohamed, Vincent Ojoome, David Olalaye, Sandy Pillay, Nelson K Sewankambo, Marietjie de Villiers

    The African Forum for Research and Education in Health (AFREhealth) held its first symposium in Accra, Ghana, between Aug 1 and Aug 3, 2017. This new organisation is committed to developing health professionals' education and research in Africa, sharing best practices, and reducing health disparities. AFREhealth aims to partner with stakeholders to improve health outcomes, work towards an AIDS-free generation, establish a research agenda for health priorities in Africa, and mobilise vital resources.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Task shifting in health care: the risks of integrated medicine in India
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Satchit Balsari, Greg Simon, Rajalakshmi Nair, Sujata Saunik, Mrudula Phadke

    Health care in India has rapidly transformed in the past two decades, with state-of-the-art private hospitals expanding in urban areas in particular. The demand for trained allopathic physicians with MBBS degrees has far outstripped supply, and institutions have responded by recruiting graduates from India's traditional streams of medicine (so-called AYUSH doctors) to staff these hospitals. AYUSH doctors are trained in either Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddhi or Homeopathic medicine, some for up to 5 years.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Substantial reductions in rabies, but still a lot to be done
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Maria Cristina Schneider, Lucia R Montebello Pereira

    The Global Burden of Disease Study1 shows that incidence of human rabies has fallen by around 40% worldwide since 1990. Despite substantial gains in tackling this neglected disease, more than 20 000 people still die from rabies every year, mostly in Asia and Africa.2 Many European countries and North America have already eliminated rabies as a public health problem through mandatory vaccination of dogs and good access to postexposure prophylaxis for human beings.3 In Latin American countries, where poverty remains widespread, 90% reductions in the incidence of human and canine rabies have been seen,4 achieved by strong government commitment and support from international organisations since the 1980s.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Women's participatory groups and nurturing child care
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Aisha K Yousafzai

    Interventions that support nurturing care for young children have received global attention as potential strategies to reduce the estimated 25·7% of the world's children who are stunted and 43% who are failing to meet their developmental potential.1,2 Nurturing care has been defined as “a stable environment that is sensitive to children's health and nutritional needs, with protection from threats, opportunities for early learning, and interactions that are responsive, emotionally supportive, and developmentally stimulating”.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Hepatitis D virus in Africa: several unmet needs
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Michael P Manns

    Chronic hepatitis B virus infection is a global disease. More than 240 million people are chronic carriers of hepatitis B virus, which contributes to substantial morbidity and mortality, including liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, and death.1,2 The diagnostic hallmark of hepatitis B virus carriers is detectable HBsAg in serum. When patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection are superinfected with hepatitis D virus (also known as hepatitis delta virus), their disease runs a more progressive course.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Respiratory syncytial virus mortality among young children
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Geoffrey A Weinberg

    Acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) continues to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children younger than 5 years across the globe.1 However, significant challenges remain in determining the epidemiology and aetiology of, and risk factors for, ALRI, severe ALRI, and death. These challenges include addressing a number of biases in clinical diagnosis (with variable clinical and radiological definitions of ALRI), microbiological diagnosis (with known insensitivity of bacterial blood culture and nasopharyngeal viral immunofluorescence and culture, and increased sensitivity but reduced specificity by PCR analyses of nasopharyngeal specimens), and case and control ascertainment in the hospital and community.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Gaps and challenges underpinning the first analysis of global coverage of early antenatal care
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    Camille Raynes-Greenow

    The importance of antenatal care cannot be underestimated. Antenatal care coverage, defined as a minimum of four antenatal care visits, has been used globally as a benchmark of performance of maternal health programmes, was included in the Millennium Development Goals (MDG),1 and is key to goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals. However, despite the recognition of the importance of initiation of antenatal care in the first trimester (known as early antenatal care), this provision has not been used as an indicator nor previously evaluated.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Facing forwards along the Health Silk Road
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-10-01
    The Lancet Global Health

    Last month, China made a significant move towards the consolidation of its role as a major player in global health policy. At the Belt and Road High-level Meeting for Health Cooperation in Beijing, delegates from between 20 and 30 countries plus WHO, UNAIDS, the GAVI Alliance, and the Global Fund signed a communiqué aimed at increasing collaboration on research, health security, and education among the countries of China's proposed Belt and Road Initiative.

    更新日期:2017-09-12
  • Research misconduct and the INTERGROWTH-21st study
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-22
    Lawrence D Platt, Torvid Kiserud, Marshall Lindheimer

    We respectfully take issue with the Comment published in February, 2017, by members of The Lancet's editorial staff stating that WHO's judgment of misconduct regarding the Oxford INTERGROWTH-21st study was unproven.1–3 We are saddened by the fact that they base their conclusion on limited and biased material and simply dismiss the case as rivalry. As members of the WHO Fetal Growth research group and a former WHO external expert not associated with that trial but with evidence that WHO initially refused to hear, we wish to note the following.

    更新日期:2017-08-23
  • The political determinants of the cholera outbreak in Yemen
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-18
    Jonathan Kennedy, Andrew Harmer, David McCoy

    At the end of June, 2017, UNICEF and WHO released a statement declaring that Yemen is “facing the worst cholera outbreak in the world”.1 The statement points out that the outbreak is caused by the civil war that began in 2015, but it does not suggest that one party is more responsible than another, simply noting that “two years of heavy conflict” have resulted in “collapsing health, water and sanitation systems”. Nor does it point to one side being more affected by the outbreak, stating that “cholera has spread to almost every governorate”.

    更新日期:2017-08-19
  • Regulatory control of highly hazardous pesticides to prevent self-poisoning
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-11
    Kevin Chien-Chang Wu, Ying-Yeh Chen

    In 2012, self-poisoning with pesticides caused 110 000 deaths, accounting for a seventh of all suicides globally.1 Although this figure indicates a prominent reduction in deaths from pesticide self-poisoning over the past decade, which accounted for 30% of suicides (approximately 300 000 deaths per year) in the 1990s,2 self-poisoning with pesticides nevertheless remains among the most prevalent means of suicide worldwide.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Prevention of suicide with regulations aimed at restricting access to highly hazardous pesticides: a systematic review of the international evidence
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-11
    David Gunnell, Duleeka Knipe, Shu-Sen Chang, Melissa Pearson, Flemming Konradsen, Won Jin Lee, Michael Eddleston
    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Cognitive and motor performance in Congolese children with konzo during 4 years of follow-up: a longitudinal analysis
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Michael J Boivin, Daniel Okitundu, Bumoko Makila-Mabe, Marie-Therese Sombo, Dieudonne Mumba, Alla Sikorskii, Banea Mayambu, Desire Tshala-Katumbay
    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Socioeconomic differences in mortality in the antiretroviral therapy era in Agincourt, rural South Africa, 2001–13: a population surveillance analysis
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Brian Houle, Mark A Collinson, Kathleen Kahn, Francesc Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Stephen Tollman, Samuel J Clark
    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Effect of non-monetary incentives on uptake of couples' counselling and testing among clients attending mobile HIV services in rural Zimbabwe: a cluster-randomised trial
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Euphemia L Sibanda, Mary Tumushime, Juliet Mufuka, Sue Napierala Mavedzenge, Stephano Gudukeya, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo, Karin Hatzold, Harsha Thirumurthy, Sandra I McCoy, Nancy Padian, Andrew Copas, Frances M Cowan
    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • The global burden of tuberculosis mortality in children: a mathematical modelling study
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Peter J Dodd, Courtney M Yuen, Charalambos Sismanidis, James A Seddon, Helen E Jenkins
    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Gender myths in global health – Authors' reply
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Zohray Talib, Katherine States Burke, Michele Barry

    We thank Sarah Hawkes and Kent Buse for their remarks on our Comment.1 They are correct in saying that men in post-transition countries bear a greater global burden of disease and live shorter lives than that of women. However, the reverse is true in the poorest of countries where, for example, maternal mortality remains very high.2 Moreover, although women live longer, they tend to have more debilitating chronic conditions, and self-reported health is worse in women worldwide.3,4

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Gender myths in global health
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Sarah Hawkes, Kent Buse
    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Bringing all together for research capacity building in LMICs – Authors' reply
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    David Beran, Peter Byass, Aiah Gbakima, Kathleen Kahn, Osman Sankoh, Stephen Tollman, Miles Witham, Justine Davies

    We thank Bolajoko Olusanya and Robert Opoka, and Pratik Khanal for their thoughtful reflections on our Comment.1 We agree with their points and would like to add some nuances to the discussion of this topic.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Obligations under global health partnerships in LMICs should be contractual
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Bolajoko O Olusanya, Robert O Opoka

    We applaud the Comment by David Beran and colleagues (June, 2017)1 on the challenges and remedies for enhancing research capacity in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). The absence of a clear-cut vision for sustainable research capacity and ownership in LMICs is arguably a missed opportunity under the Millennium Development Goals' mandate.2 We therefore consider this initiative as timely within the context of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. However, we wish to highlight a few oversights that need to be clarified to ensure effective knowledge and skill transfer, based on our research experience in Africa.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Bringing all together for research capacity building in LMICs
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Pratik Khanal

    The Comment by David Beran and colleagues in the Lancet Global Health1 rightly points out the need to address inequity in research investment in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) through focus on capacity building of research institutions and preference of population needs over funders' interests. Investment in research depends on whether countries recognise research as a means to achieve development. However, research in LMICs is challenged with poor investment by both government and funders; weak coordination between researchers and policy makers in evidence generation, evidence synthesis, and its use in decision making; inadequate funding to the researchers to execute their research ideas; and, very importantly, discouraging research environments to groom prospective researchers.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Community health systems: allowing community health workers to emerge from the shadows
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Jerome Pfaffmann Zambruni, Kumanan Rasanathan, David Hipgrave, Nathan P Miller, Maureen Momanyi, Luwei Pearson, Dolores Rio, Magali Romedenne, Sagri Singh, Mark Young, Stefan Peterson

    We agree with the Editorial (May, 2017)1 that stated “community health workers are desperately needed globally” but “often still stand…at the fringes of the health system, undefined and unsupported and therefore unable to completely fulfil their potential”.1 As the 40th anniversary of the Alma Ata Declaration approaches,2 it is time to appropriately recognise the role and potential of community health systems. Further to the recent momentum highlighted,1 we would add the lessons learned from the West Africa Ebola outbreak about the importance of community health systems3 and the election of a WHO Director-General with direct experience in expanding Ethiopia's community level workforce.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Lychee-associated encephalopathy in China and its reduction since 2000
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Li Jie Zhang, Robert E Fontaine

    We commend Aakash Shrivastava and colleagues (April, 2017)1 on their meticulous epidemiological and toxicological investigation, which attributed severe encephalopathy in Indian children to methyl cyclopropyl glycine from lychees (also spelled litchis).1

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Routine fruit washing to prevent acute toxic encephalopathy – Authors' reply
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Akshay C Dhariwal, Srinivas Venkatesh, Aakash Shrivastava, Amit Chakrabarti, Jerry D Thomas, Melissa D Carter, Rudolph Johnson, Kayla F Laserson, Padmini Srikantiah

    P A Desingu points out our investigation finding that routinely washing vegetables and fruits could be protective against acute toxic encephalopathy1 and suggests that this indicates that an exogenous toxin or agent in unwashed fruits or vegetables, rather than the naturally occurring toxins hypoglycin A and methylenecyclopropylglycine (MCPG) found in lychees, might be associated with the recurring epidemic toxic encephalopathy in Muzaffarpur. We considered this possibility, and tested extensively for evidence of exogenous agents, such as pesticides and herbicides, in the biological specimens of affected children as well as in fruits, vegetables, and grains collected from affected villages; these results were all consistently negative.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Routine fruit washing to prevent acute toxic encephalopathy
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    P A Desingu

    I read with great interest the Article by Aakash Shrivastava and colleagues (January, 2017)1 that reported the association of a 2014 outbreak of acute toxic encephalopathy in Muzaffarpur, India, with lychee (also spelled litchi) consumption using a case-control study. The study reported that lychee consumption 24 h before onset of symptoms was associated with acute toxic encephalopathy in 67 (65%) of 103 cases and 23 (23%) of 102 controls. The same case-control study reported that routinely washing vegetables and fruits was associated with acute toxic encephalopathy in 32 (32%) of 99 cases and 58 (70%) of 83 controls.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Lychee-associated acute hypoglycaemic encephalopathy outbreaks in Muzaffarpur, India – Author's reply
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Akshay C Dhariwal, Srinivas Venkatesh, Lakhbir Singh Chauhan, Anil Kumar, Aakash Shrivastava, Gyan Bhushan, Amit Chakrabarti, Ram Singh, Ravi Shankar Singh, Jerry D Thomas, Kayla F Laserson, Padmini Srikantiah

    As we acknowledged in our study,1 research from T Jacob John and Mukul Das, and others2–4 have contributed essential points to the discussion of the acute toxic encephalopathy outbreaks in Muzaffarpur.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Lychee-associated acute hypoglycaemic encephalopathy outbreaks in Muzaffarpur, India
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Mukul Das, T Jacob John

    The article by Aakash Shrivastava and colleagues in The Lancet Global Health (April, 2017)1 is timely, and presents an important finding: validation of lychee-associated hypoglycaemic encephalopathy. First described in India,2–4 the disease is caused by lychee (also spelled litchi) consumption after a prolonged fast by undernourished children due to the presence of a hypoglycaemic agent, methylene cyclopropyl glycine (MCPG). The President of the Indian Academy of Pediatrics expressed scepticism when cases of encephalopathy were first linked with lychee consumption in 2014.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Joint external evaluation process: bringing multiple sectors together for global health security
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Nirmal Kandel, Rajesh Sreedharan, Stella Chungong, Karen Sliter, Simo Nikkari, Kashef Ijaz, Guenael RM Rodier

    The International Health Regulations (2005; IHR) is a legally binding instrument with a purpose of “preventing, protecting against, controlling and providing a public health response to the international spread of diseases in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks.1 The IHR Review Committee on Second Extension recommended to transition from self-evaluations to approaches that combine self-evaluation, peer review, and voluntary external evaluation, thus the IHR Monitoring and Evaluation Framework was developed, with the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) being one of its components.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Improving the quality of WHO guidelines over the last decade: progress and challenges
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Susan L Norris, Nathan Ford

    WHO is a leading and respected source of normative guidance. With a particular focus on the needs of low-income and middle-income countries, the scope of WHO guidelines is vast, ranging from specific interventions aimed at controlling particular aspects of emerging health threats (eg, Infant feeding in areas of Zika virus transmission1) to broad public health guidance (eg, International travel and health2).

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Cassava, konzo, and neurotoxicity
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Charles R Newton

    Cassava (Manihot esculenta) forms part of the staple diet for more than 600 million people across the world, particularly those that live in poverty and remote areas where food security is poor.1 The plant grows in poor soil and is relatively drought resistant; the tubers are rich in carbohydrates and the leaves contain some protein.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Mortality and socioeconomic status: the vicious cycle between poverty and ill health
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Victoria Pillay-van Wyk, Debbie Bradshaw

    The link between mortality and socioeconomic status has echoed through the ages, and was graphically captured by the Preston curve, which showed the relation between life expectancy and income per person at the country level.1 The Global Burden of Disease Study, which generates global trends in mortality, uses the predictive relation between socioeconomic status and mortality to help fill information gaps in estimates at the regional and country levels.2

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Incentives to improve couples' HIV testing uptake and cost-effectiveness
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Kristin Wall, Susan Allen

    Couples' HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is a well-tested, feasible, and acceptable intervention and reduces HIV transmission through serostatus-based counselling that increases condom use among discordant couples (many of whom did not know that discordance was possible) and reduces concurrent partnerships among all couples.1–6 Almost two-thirds of incident HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa occur among stable couples,7 and an estimated greater than 50% of new adult HIV infections could be averted by CHTC.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Tuberculosis in children: under-counted and under-treated
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    Emily A Kendall

    Tuberculosis is the number one infectious cause of death worldwide1 but remains underappreciated as a cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Because many children have difficulty expectorating sputum and because paediatric tuberculosis is usually pauci-bacillary and often extra-pulmonary, paediatric tuberculosis is especially difficult to diagnose with standard sputum-based assays. Predicted associations between paediatric and adult tuberculosis burden2,3 place paediatric incidence at 10% of total global tuberculosis incidence, but tuberculosis notification rates (already inadequate in adults) are lowest in children, with roughly 40% of incident cases in children younger than 15 years having been diagnosed and notified in 2015.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Suicide prevention: keeping the momentum
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-09-01
    The Lancet Global Health

    Every year on Sept 10, World Suicide Prevention Day is an opportunity to raise awareness and increase literacy on a highly complex and wide-reaching global health problem. WHO estimates that around 800 000 people die by suicide every year, but this number is likely to be just the tip of the iceberg: for reasons that include the stigma shrouding suicide in many cultures, the lack of adequate vital registration systems, or even the arduous administrative steps that go with the registration of a self-inflicted death, many suicides remain undetected or are routinely misclassified.

    更新日期:2017-08-12
  • Assessment of progress towards universal health coverage for people with disabilities in Afghanistan: a multilevel analysis of repeated cross-sectional surveys
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Jean-Francois Trani, Praveen Kumar, Ellis Ballard, Tarani Chandola
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Fatal and non-fatal injury outcomes: results from a purposively sampled census of seven rural subdistricts in Bangladesh
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Olakunle Alonge, Priyanka Agrawal, Abu Talab, Qazi S Rahman, AKM Fazlur Rahman, Shams El Arifeen, Adnan A Hyder
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • National incidence of traumatic fractures in China: a retrospective survey of 512 187 individuals
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-06-27
    Wei Chen, Hongzhi Lv, Song Liu, Bo Liu, Yanbin Zhu, Xiao Chen, Guang Yang, Lei Liu, Tao Zhang, Haili Wang, Bing Yin, Jialiang Guo, Xiaolin Zhang, Yichong Li, Derek Smith, Pan Hu, Jiayuan Sun, Yingze Zhang
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Effect of provision of home-based curative health services by public sector health-care providers on neonatal survival: a community-based cluster-randomised trial in rural Pakistan
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Sajid Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Ariff, Zaid Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Progress and priorities for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health in Kenya: a Countdown to 2015 country case study
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Emily C Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Global funding trends for malaria research in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic analysis
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-06-28
    Michael G Head, Sian Goss, Yann Gelister, Victor Alegana, Rebecca J Brown, Stuart C Clarke, Joseph R A Fitchett, Rifat Atun, J Anthony G Scott, Marie-Louise Newell, Sabu S Padmadas, Andrew J Tatem
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Comparison of sputum collection methods for tuberculosis diagnosis: a systematic review and pairwise and network meta-analysis
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-06-15
    Sumona Datta, Lena Shah, Robert H Gilman, Carlton A Evans
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Role of the European Union in global health – Author's reply
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Elizabeth M Speakman

    We are grateful for the interest in our Comment shown by Lies Steurs and colleagues. Given the constraint of word limit, it is only possible to address selected aspects of the complex issues raised.

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Role of the European Union in global health
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Lies Steurs, Remco van de Pas, Kristof Decoster, Sarah Delputte, Jan Orbie

    Elizabeth Speakman and colleagues (April, 2017)1 propose the development of a European global health strategy. As researchers who have analysed the European Union's (EU's) role in global health in the past, we appreciate a renewed debate on this topic. However, we would like to contest some of the arguments.

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Use of the GeneXpert tuberculosis system for HIV viral load testing in India
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Madlen Nash, John Ramapuram, Ramya Kaiya, Sophie Huddart, Madhukar Pai, Shrikala Baliga
    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • China's Belt and Road Initiative from a global health perspective
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Ruwei Hu, Ruqing Liu, Nan Hu

    As China implements its 13th 5-year plan for national economic and social development, one might ask how efforts being proposed will affect global health through the so-called Belt and Road Initiative. The Belt and Road Initiative aims to connect the Asian–Pacific Economic Area with the European Economic Area by building up two maritime routes, referred to as the 21st century Silk Road. Thus, although its primary aim relates to trade, the initiative has many implicit influences on global health, some of which we provide insights into here.

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • What global maternal and child nutrition can learn from animal science
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Cesar G Victora, Reynaldo Martorell, Sindura Ganapathi, R Dean Boyd, Dale E Bauman, Jack Odle

    The main challenges to ensuring optimal nutrition of children in low-income and middle-income settings are prevention of undernutrition—including intrauterine growth restriction, stunting, and micronutrient deficiencies—and avoidance of becoming overweight.1 Birth cohort studies show that linear growth in early life is associated with improved human capital (including intelligence, educational performance, and productivity) and has few, if any, deleterious effects regarding future risk of non-communicable diseases.

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Ending fistula within a generation: making the dream a reality
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-05-24
    Erin Anastasi, Lauri Romanzi, Saifuddin Ahmed, Anneka T Knuttson, Oladosu Ojengbede, Kate Grant

    1 year ago, on May 23, 2016, the International Day to End Obstetric Fistula, the then UN Secretary-General challenged the international community to end obstetric fistula within a generation.1 This is a goal not only worthy of but mandatory for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)2 by 2030.

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Double-duty actions for ending malnutrition within a decade
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-05-18
    Corinna Hawkes, Alessandro R Demaio, Francesco Branca

    Malnutrition has many forms. Undernutrition can see children dangerously thin for their height (wasting), or their growth permanently impeded (stunting). Inadequate intake of key nutrients may weaken immune systems, impair brain development, and worsen the risk of conditions such as anaemia and blindness. Diets rich in calories well beyond the body's metabolic needs drive the burden of overweight and obesity, while excess dietary fat, sugar, and salt can increase the risks of non-communicable diseases (NCDs).

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Financing of international collective action for epidemic and pandemic preparedness
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-05-18
    Gavin Yamey, Marco Schäferhoff, Ole Kristian Aars, Barry Bloom, Dennis Carroll, Mukesh Chawla, Victor Dzau, Ricardo Echalar, Indermit Singh Gill, Tore Godal, Sanjeev Gupta, Dean Jamison, Patrick Kelley, Frederik Kristensen, Ceci Mundaca-Shah, Ben Oppenheim, Julie Pavlin, Rodrigo Salvado, Peter Sands, Rocio Schmunis, Agnes Soucat, Lawrence H Summers, Anas El Turabi, Ron Waldman, Ed Whiting

    The global pandemic response has typically followed cycles of panic followed by neglect. We are now, once again, in a phase of neglect, leaving the world highly vulnerable to massive loss of life and economic shocks from natural or human-made epidemics and pandemics. Quantifying the size of the losses caused by large-scale outbreaks is challenging because the epidemiological and economic research in this field is still at an early stage. Research on the 1918 influenza H1N1 pandemic and recent epidemics and pandemics has shown a range of estimated losses (panel).

    更新日期:2017-08-10
  • Questioning progress towards universal health coverage for the most vulnerable
    Lancet Glob. Health (IF 17.686) Pub Date : 2017-08-01
    Nora Groce

    In this issue of The Lancet Global Health, Jean-Francois Trani and colleagues1 present findings on access to health care for people with disabilities in Afghanistan. Using a multilevel modelling approach, they assess data from two large-scale studies carried out in 2005 and 2013 to understand the impact that a decade of international intervention and investment in the Afghan health-care sector has had on a population that has consistently been identified as having significantly less access to health care than the general population.

    更新日期:2017-08-10
Some contents have been Reproduced with permission of the American Chemical Society.
Some contents have been Reproduced by permission of The Royal Society of Chemistry.
所有期刊列表A-Z