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  • Delayed coincidence in electron-neutrino capture on gallium for neutrino spectroscopy
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-09-28
    Zhe Wang; Benda Xu; Shaomin Chen

    This work explains a delayed-coincidence method to perform MeV-scale neutrino spectroscopy with electron-neutrino capture on gallium. An electron-neutrino possessing energy greater than 407.6 keV can be captured on gallium and produce a daughter germanium nucleus at its first excited state with a mean lifetime of 114 ns. The released electron and gammas before the first excited state of Ge can generate

  • Identification of Patterns in Cosmic-Ray Arrival Directions using Dynamic Graph Convolutional Neural Networks
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-10-08
    T. Bister; M. Erdmann; J. Glombitza; N. Langner; J. Schulte; M. Wirtz

    We present a new approach for the identification of ultra-high energy cosmic rays from sources using dynamic graph convolutional neural networks. These networks are designed to handle sparsely arranged objects and to exploit their short- and long-range correlations. Our method searches for patterns in the arrival directions of cosmic rays, which are expected to result from coherent deflections in cosmic

  • Particle dynamics and GZK limit in relativity with a preferred frame
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-10-06
    Georgy I. Burde

    The theory termed ’special relativity (SR) with a preferred frame’ incorporates the preferred frame into special relativity while retaining the fundamental space-time symmetry which, in the standard SR, manifests itself as Lorentz invariance. In this paper, the theory is extended to particle dynamics based on the concept of the ’modified spacetime symmetry’ which allows to develop the theory along

  • Depth profile study of 210Pb in the surface of an NaI(Tl) crystal
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-09-18
    G.H. Yu; C. Ha; E.J. Jeon; K.W. Kim; N.Y. Kim; Y.D. Kim; H.S. Lee; H.K. Park; C. Rott

    The surface 210Pb is one of the main background sources for dark-matter-search experiments using NaI(Tl) crystals, and its spectral features associated with the beta-decay events for energies less than 60 keV depends on the depth distribution of 210Pb in the surface of an NaI(Tl) crystal. Therefore, we must understand the profile of surface 210Pb to precisely model the background measurement in the

  • Radiative transport of relativistic species in cosmology
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-07-25
    Cyril Pitrou

    We review the general construction of distribution functions for gases of fermions and bosons (photons), emphasizing the similarities and differences between both cases. The central object which describes polarization for photons is a tensor-valued distribution function, whereas for fermions it is a vector-valued one. The collision terms of Boltzmann equations for fermions and bosons also possess the

  • MeV-GeV γ-ray telescopes probing gravitino LSP with coexisting axino NLSP as dark matter in the μνSSM
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-08-19
    Germán A. Gómez-Vargas; Daniel E. López-Fogliani; Carlos Muñoz; Andres D. Perez

    In R-parity violating supersymmetry, the gravitino as the lightest supersymmetric particle (LSP) is a good candidate for dark matter, with the interesting characteristic to be detectable through γ-ray telescopes. We extend this analysis considering an axino next-to-LSP (NLSP) as a coexisting dark matter particle contributing with a detectable signal in the γ-ray spectrum. The analysis is carried out

  • Search for low-energy neutrinos from astrophysical sources with Borexino
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-09-01
    M. Agostini; K. Altenmüller; S. Appel; V. Atroshchenko; Z. Bagdasarian; D. Basilico; G. Bellini; J. Benziger; D. Bick; G. Bonfini; D. Bravo; B. Caccianiga; F. Calaprice; A. Caminata; L. Cappelli; P. Cavalcante; F. Cavanna; A. Chepurnov; G. Zuzel

    We report on searches for neutrinos and antineutrinos from astrophysical sources performed with the Borexino detector at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso in Italy. Electron antineutrinos (ν¯e) are detected in an organic liquid scintillator through the inverse β-decay reaction. In the present work we set model-independent upper limits in the energy range 1.8–16.8 MeV on neutrino fluxes from unknown

  • Resolving the tension in particle discrimination between the Simple and Picasso dark matter projects
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-09-02
    T.A. Girard; T.A. Morlat; A. Kling; M. Felizardo; A.C. Fernandes; J.G. Marques

    We re-examine the longstanding disagreement between the SIMPLE and PICASSO superheated liquid-based dark matter search projects regarding discrimination between neutron- and α-induced bubble nucleation events, and its dependence on the distribution of liquid droplet sizes. A simple analysis based on (1) the interaction of α and neutrons with the detector droplet size distribution, combined with (2)

  • Measuring the depth of shower maximum of extensive air showers using Cherenkov light
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-08-15
    Andrés G. Delgado Giler, Luan B. Arbeletche, Ralph Bird, Rene A. Ong, Vitor de Souza

    A method is proposed to reconstruct the depth at which showers reach the maximum number of charged particles (Xmaxcharged) using atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. The dependence of the Cherenkov signal with telescope distance from shower core is explored and a region in which the measurement is possible is determined (150 to 200 m). A parametrization is presented to reconstruct Xmaxcharged. The resolution

  • The origin of the power–law form of the extragalactic gamma–ray flux
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-08-12
    Paolo Lipari

    The Fermi–LAT telescope has measured the extragalactic gamma–ray background (EGB) generated by the ensemble of all extragalactic sources. The energy distribution of the EGB is well described as a power–law with a spectral index approximately equal to 2.3, and an exponential cutoff, that is consistent with being the effect of absorption of high energy photons assuming an emission that is an unbroken

  • Stopping muon effect and estimation of intracloud electric field
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-08-07
    A. Chilingarian, G. Hovsepyan, G. Karapetyan, M. Zazyan

    Employing large thunderstorm ground enhancements (TGEs) as a manifestation of the strong electric field in thundercloud we measure fluxes of almost all species of secondary cosmic rays to estimate the strength of the intracloud electric field. The modulation that electric field poses on charged particle flux gives a sizable change in count rate of detectors measuring high energy muon flux and inclined

  • Hawking radiation screening and shielding in Kerr-Newman and charged accelerating black holes
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-08-04
    Usman A. Gillani, Khalid Saifullah

    The dynamics of massive particles near the horizons of charged rotating and charged accelerating black holes is studied. This is done, in particular, from the point of view of studying the screening effect of Hawking radiation and shielding of the Penrose process for these two black holes. We do this by identifying the forbidden regions which are the regions where the particles have negative kinetic

  • Local interstellar spectra and solar modulation of cosmic ray electrons and positrons
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-07-25
    Cheng-Rui Zhu, Qiang Yuan, Da-Ming Wei

    Low energy cosmic rays are modulated by the solar activity when they propagation in the heliosphere, leading to ambiguities in understanding their acceleration at sources and propagation in the Milky Way. By means of the precise measurements of the e−, e+, e−+e+, and e+/(e−+e+) spectra by AMS-02 near the Earth, as well as the very low energy measurements of the e−+e+ fluxes by Voyager-1 far away from

  • Parity in Planck full-mission CMB temperature maps
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-07-24
    Srikanta Panda; Pavan K. Aluri; Pramoda Kumar Samal; Pranati K. Rath

    In the standard model of cosmology, Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) sky is expected to preserve spatial symmetries. Following our previous studies, we search for evidence of a parity preference in the latest full-mission CMB temperature maps from ESA’s Planck probe. Specifically, we probe (a)symmetry in power between even and odd multipoles of CMB, that corresponds to a particular parity preference

  • The low rate of Galactic pevatrons
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-07-09
    Pierre Cristofari, Pasquale Blasi, Elena Amato

    Although supernova remnants remain the main suspects as sources of Galactic cosmic rays up to the knee, the supernova paradigm still has many loose ends. The weakest point in this construction is the possibility that individual supernova remnants can accelerate particles to the rigidity of the knee, ~ 106 GV. This scenario heavily relies upon the possibility to excite current driven non-resonant hybrid

  • A run-wise simulation and analysis framework for Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope arrays
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-07-07
    M. Holler, J.-P. Lenain, M. de Naurois, R. Rauth, D.A. Sanchez

    We introduce a new simulation and analysis paradigm for Imaging Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescope (IACT) arrays, simulating the actual observation conditions as well as individual telescope configuration for each observation unit. Compared to existing frameworks, where simulations are usually generated using pre-defined settings, this run-wise simulation approach implies more realistic simulations and

  • Production of secondary particles in heavy nuclei interactions in supernova remnants
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-07-02
    Maulik Bhatt, Iurii Sushch, Martin Pohl, Anatoli Fedynitch, Samata Das, Robert Brose, Pavlo Plotko, Dominique M.-A. Meyer

    Depending on their type, supernova remnants may have ejecta material with high abundance of heavy elements such as carbon or oxygen. In addition, core-collapse supernovae explode in the wind material of their progenitor star that may also have a high abundance of heavy elements. Hadronic collisions in these enriched media spawn the production of gamma rays, neutrinos, and secondary electrons with spectra

  • Search for ultra-high energy photons through preshower effect with gamma-ray telescopes: Study of CTA-North efficiency
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-06-30
    Kévin Almeida Cheminant, Dariusz Góra, David E. Alvarez Castillo, Aleksander Ćwikła, Niraj Dhital, Alan R. Duffy, Piotr Homola, Konrad Kopański, Marcin Kasztelan, Peter Kovacs, Marta Marek, Alona Mozgova, Vahab Nazari, Michał Niedźwiecki, Dominik Ostrogórski, Karel Smolek, Jarosław Stasielak, Oleksandr Sushchov, Jilberto Zamora-Saa

    As ultra-high energy photons (EeV and beyond) propagate from their sources of production to Earth, radiation-matter interactions can occur, leading to an effective screening of the incident flux. In this energy domain, photons can undergo e+/e− pair production when interacting with the surrounding geomagnetic field, which in turn can produce a cascade of electromagnetic particles called preshower.

  • Modelling the broadband emission from the white dwarf binary system AR Scorpii
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-06-24
    K.K. Singh, P.J. Meintjes, Q. Kaplan, F.A. Ramamonjisoa, S. Sahayanathan

    AR Scorpii is a compact binary system which consists of a magnetic white dwarf and an M-type main sequence cool star. This binary system was discovered as a source of pulsating radiation in radio, infrared, optical, ultraviolet and X-ray wavebands. In this work, we have analyzed the γ-ray data in the energy range 100 MeV to 500 GeV from the Fermi-Large Area Telescope (LAT) observations for the period

  • Influence of resonances on the 11B(n,γ)12B capture reaction rate. Capture to the ground state of 12B
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-06-17
    S.B. Dubovichenko, N.A. Burkova, A.V. Dzhazairov-Kakhramanov, A.S. Tkachenko

    Within the framework of the modified potential cluster model with a classification of orbital states according to Young diagrams, the possibility of describing experimental data for total cross sections of the neutron radiative capture on 11B to the ground state of 12B at energies of 10 meV (1 meV = 10−3 eV) to 7 MeV was considered. It was shown that, taking into account only the E1 transition from

  • Simulations of events for the LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) dark matter experiment
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-06-16
    D.S. Akerib; C.W. Akerlof; A. Alqahtani; S.K. Alsum; T.J. Anderson; N. Angelides; H.M. Araújo; J.E. Armstrong; M. Arthurs; X. Bai; J. Balajthy; S. Balashov; J. Bang; D. Bauer; A. Baxter; J. Bensinger; E.P. Bernard; A. Bernstein; P. Zarzhitsky

    The LUX-ZEPLIN dark matter search aims to achieve a sensitivity to the WIMP-nucleon spin-independent cross-section down to (1–2)×10−12 pb at a WIMP mass of 40 GeV/c2. This paper describes the simulations framework that, along with radioactivity measurements, was used to support this projection, and also to provide mock data for validating reconstruction and analysis software. Of particular note are

  • On angular resolution limits for air shower arrays
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-06-15
    Werner Hofmann

    The angular resolution limits achievable for perfect ground-based high-altitude gamma-ray air shower detectors are investigated, to serve as benchmarks for the design of real detectors. A ‘perfect’ detector is assumed to accurately measure impact position, time and energy of all electromagnetic shower particles reaching the ground. The shower direction is determined from a likelihood fit to all measured

  • Reconstructing air shower parameters with LOFAR using event specific GDAS atmosphere
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-06-01
    P. Mitra, A. Bonardi, A. Corstanje, S. Buitink, G.K. Krampah, H. Falcke, B.M. Hare, J.R. Hörandel, T. Huege, K. Mulrey, A. Nelles, J.P. Rachen, L. Rossetto, O. Scholten, S. ter Veen, T.N.G. Trinh, T. Winchen, H. Pandya

    The limited knowledge of atmospheric parameters like humidity, pressure, temperature, and the index of refraction has been one of the important systematic uncertainties in reconstructing the depth of the shower maximum from the radio emission of air showers. Current air shower Monte Carlo simulation codes like CORSIKA and the radio plug-in CoREAS use various averaged parameterized atmospheres. However

  • Prospects on high-energy source searches based on pattern recognition Object detection in the H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey and catalogue cross-matches
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-05-07
    Q. Remy, Y.A. Gallant, M. Renaud

    The H.E.S.S. Galactic Plane Survey [HGPS, 1] represents one of the most sensitive surveys of the Galactic Plane at very high energies (VHE, 0.1 < E < 100 TeV). However the source detection algorithm of the HGPS pipeline is not well-suited for complex regions, including sources with shell-like morphologies. As an alternative and complementary approach, we have investigated blind search methods for VHE

  • Higgs inflation with non-minimal derivative coupling to gravity
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    L.N. Granda, D.F. Jimenez, W. Cardona

    We consider an extension of Higgs inflation in which the Higgs field is non-minimally coupled to gravity through its kinetic term. We analyzed power-law coupling functions with positive or negative integer power and found that the Higgs boson can drive a successful inflation only for the cases n=2,1,0,−1. Theoretical predictions for both tensor to scalar ratio r and scalar spectral index ns are within

  • The SPHERE-2 detector for observation of extensive air showers in 1 PeV – 1 EeV energy range
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-05-04
    R.A. Antonov, E.A. Bonvech, D.V. Chernov, T.A. Dzhatdoev, M. Finger, M. Finger, D.A. Podgrudkov, T.M. Roganova, A.V. Shirokov, I.A. Vaiman

    The SPHERE-2 balloon-borne detector designed for extensive air shower (EAS) observations using EAS optical Vavilov-Cherenkov radiation (“Cherenkov light”), reflected from the snow-covered surface of Lake Baikal is described. We briefly discuss the concept behind the reflected Cherenkov light method, characterize the conditions at the experimental site and overview the construction of the tethered balloon

  • Restoration of azimuthal symmetry of muon densities in extended air showers
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-04-21
    Nicusor Arsene, Markus Roth, Octavian Sima

    At ground level, the azimuthal distribution of muons in inclined Extensive Air Showers (EAS) is asymmetric, mainly due to geometric effects. Several EAS observables sensitive to the primary particle mass, are constructed after mapping the density of secondary particles from the ground plane to the shower plane (perpendicular to the shower axis). A simple orthogonal projection of the muon coordinates

  • An analysis method for data taken by Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes at very high energies under the presence of clouds
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-03-19
    Sobczyńska Dorota, Adamczyk Katarzyna, Sitarek Julian, Szanecki Michał

    The effective observation time of Imaging Air Cherenkov Telescopes (IACTs) plays an important role in the detection of γ-ray sources, especially when the expected flux is low. This time is strongly limited by the atmospheric conditions. Significant extinction of Cherenkov light caused by the presence of clouds reduces the photon detection rate and also complicates or even makes impossible proper data

  • Anisotropic temperature effects on Landau damping in Kappa–Maxwellian astrophysical plasmas
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-03-16
    Mehran Shahmansouri, Myoung-Jae Lee, Young-Dae Jung

    In many physical situations, especially in space, plasmas are found to have anisotropic power-law distributions, i.e., they can have one-dimensional Kappa distribution with high-energy tails in a preferred direction and a Maxwellian distribution perpendicular to it. In this work, we have used this distribution to study the Landau damping of electron-acoustic waves (EAWs) in the Kappa–Maxwellian plasma

  • The shape of the cosmic ray proton spectrum
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-03-05
    Paolo Lipari, Silvia Vernetto

    Recent observations of cosmic ray protons in the energy range 102–105 GeV have revealed that the spectrum cannot be described by a simple power law. A hardening of the spectrum around an energy of order a few hundred GeV, first observed by the magnetic spectrometers PAMELA and AMS02, has now been confirmed by several calorimeter detectors (ATIC, CREAM, CALET, NUCLEON and DAMPE). These new measurements

  • The Sun at TeV energies: Gammas, neutrons, neutrinos and a cosmic ray shadow
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-02-28
    Miguel Gutiérrez, Manuel Masip

    High energy cosmic rays reach the surface of the Sun and start showers with thousands of secondary particles. Most of them will be absorbed by the Sun, but a fraction of the neutral ones will escape and reach the Earth. Here we incorporate a new ingredient that is essential to understand the flux of these solar particles: the cosmic ray shadow of the Sun. We use Liouville’s theorem to argue that the

  • The transverse baryonic acoustic scale from the SDSS DR11 galaxies
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-02-10
    G.C. Carvalho, A. Bernui, M. Benetti, J.C. Carvalho, E. de Carvalho, J.S. Alcaniz

    We report five measurements of the transverse baryonic acoustic scale, θBAO, obtained from the angular two-point correlation function calculation for Luminous Red Galaxies of the eleventh data release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). Each measurement has been obtained by considering a thin redshift shell (Δz=0.01 and 0.02) in the interval z ∈ [0.565, 0.660], which contains a large density of

  • Testing claims of the GW170817 binary neutron star inspiral affecting β-decay rates
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-02-07
    P.A. Breur, J.C.P.Y. Nobelen, L. Baudis, A. Brown, A.P. Colijn, R. Dressler, R.F. Lang, A. Massafferri, R. Perci, C. Pumar, C. Reuter, D. Schumann, M. Schumann, S. Towers

    On August 17, 2017, the first gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star inspiral (GW170817) was detected by Advanced LIGO and Advanced VIRGO. Here we present radioactive β-decay rates of three independent sources 44Ti, 60Co and 137Cs, monitored during the same period by a precision experiment designed to investigate the decay of long-lived radioactive sources. We do not find any significant

  • The first full-scale prototypes of the fluorescence detector array of single-pixel telescopes
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    M. Malacari, J. Farmer, T. Fujii, J. Albury, J.A. Bellido, L. Chytka, P. Hamal, P. Horvath, M. Hrabovský, D. Mandat, J.N. Matthews, L. Nozka, M. Palatka, M. Pech, P. Privitera, P. Schovánek, R. Šmída, S.B. Thomas, P. Travnicek

    The Fluorescence detector Array of Single-pixel Telescopes (FAST) is a design concept for a next-generation UHECR observatory, addressing the requirements for a large-area, low-cost detector suitable for measuring the properties of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs), having energies exceeding 30 EeV, with an unprecedented aperture. We have developed a full-scale prototype consisting of four 200 mm

  • Analysis methods to search for transient events in ground-based very high energy γ-ray astronomy
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-01-23
    F. Brun, Q. Piel, M. de Naurois, S. Bernhard

    Transient and variable phenomena in astrophysical sources are of particular importance to understand the underlying gamma-ray emission processes. In the very-high energy gamma-ray domain, transient and variable sources are related to charged particle acceleration processes that could for instance help understanding the origin of cosmic-rays. The imaging atmospheric Cherenkov technique used for gamma-ray

  • A NECTAr-based upgrade for the Cherenkov cameras of the H.E.S.S. 12-meter telescopes
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-01-17
    T. Ashton, M. Backes, A. Balzer, D. Berge, J. Bolmont, S. Bonnefoy, F. Brun, T. Chaminade, E. Delagnes, G. Fontaine, M. Füßling, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J.-F. Glicenstein, T. Gräber, J.A. Hinton, A. Jahnke, S. Klepser, P. Vincent

    The High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) is one of the three arrays of imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes (IACTs) currently in operation. It is composed of four 12-meter telescopes and a 28-meter one, and is sensitive to gamma rays in the energy range ~ 30 GeV – 100 TeV. The cameras of the 12-m telescopes recently underwent a substantial upgrade, with the goal of improving their performance

  • Evidence against Ryskin’s model of cosmic acceleration
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2020-01-09
    Joseph Ryan

    In this paper I examine how well Ryskin’s model of emergent cosmic acceleration fits several sets of cosmological observations. I find that while Ryskin’s model is somewhat compatible with the standard model of cosmic acceleration (ΛCDM) for low redshift (z ≲ 1) measurements, its predictions diverge considerably from those of the standard model for measurements made at high redshift (for which z ≳ 1)

  • Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes as a potential veto array for neutrino astronomy
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-11-27
    D. Rysewyk, D. Lennarz, T. DeYoung, J. Auffenberg, M. Schaufel, T. Bretz, C. Wiebusch, M.U. Nisa

    The IceCube Neutrino Observatory has revealed the existence of sources of high-energy astrophysical neutrinos. However, identification of the sources is challenging because astrophysical neutrinos are difficult to separate from the background of atmospheric neutrinos produced in cosmic-ray-induced particle cascades in the atmosphere. The efficient detection of air showers in coincidence with detected

  • The primary cosmic-ray energy spectrum measured with the Tunka-133 array
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-11-20
    N.M. Budnev, A. Chiavassa, O.A. Gress, T.I. Gress, A.N. Dyachok, N.I. Karpov, N.N. Kalmykov, E.E. Korosteleva, V.A. Kozhin, L.A. Kuzmichev, B.K. Lubsandorzhiev, N.B. Lubsandorzhiev, R.R. Mirgazov, E.A. Osipova, M.I. Panasyuk, L.V. Pankov, E.G. Popova, V.V. Prosin, A.V. Zagorodnikov

    The EAS Cherenkov light array Tunka-133, with ~ 3 km2 geometric area, is taking data since 2009.The array permits a detailed study of energy spectrum and mass composition of cosmic rays in the energy range from 6 · 1015 to 1018 eV. We describe the methods of time and amplitude calibration of the array and the methods of EAS parameters reconstruction. We present the all-particle energy spectrum, based

  • New algorithm for the Guided Lock technique for a high-Finesse optical cavity
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-11-15
    D. Bersanetti, J. Casanueva Diaz, A. Allocca, H. Heitmann, D. Hoak, M. Mantovani, P. Ruggi, B. Swinkels

    A known criticality of optical cavities such as Fabry–Pérot resonant cavities is the presence of non-linear effects in the build-up of the laser fields inside the cavity itself, which can spoil the characteristics of the error signal used to control the cavity length, usually obtained with the Pound–Drever–Hall phase modulation–demodulation technique. The non-linear effects are primarily caused by

  • Chaplygin gas inspired non-canonical scalar field warm inflation
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-11-11
    Abdul Jawad, Azmat Rustam

    We consider a warm inflation universe model in the presence of generalized Chaplygin gas and modified Chaplygin gas by taking Dirac-Born-Infeld non-canonical scalar field. For developing various inflationary parameters, we assume quadratic potential and quartic potential and Anti-de-Sitter warp factor for the Dirac-Born-Infeld inflation. We develop the number of e-folds, scalar as well as tensor power

  • Supernova neutrino burst monitor at the Baksan Underground Scintillation Telescope
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    Yu.F. Novoseltsev, M.M. Boliev, I.M. Dzaparova, M.M. Kochkarov, A.N. Kurenya, R.V. Novoseltseva, V.B. Petkov, P.S. Striganov, A.F. Yanin

    The experiment on recording neutrino bursts operates since the mid-1980. As a target, we use two parts of the facility with a total mass of 240 tons. The current status of the experiment and some results related to the investigation of background events and the stability of facility operation are presented. Over the period of June 30, 1980 to December 31, 2018, the actual observational time is 33.02

  • VERITAS Detection of LS 5039 and HESS J1825-137
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-11-07
    A.U. Abeysekara, W. Benbow, R. Bird, R. Brose, J.L. Christiansen, A.J. Chromey, W. Cui, M.K. Daniel, A. Falcone, L. Fortson, D. Hanna, T. Hassan, O. Hervet, J. Holder, G. Hughes, T.B. Humensky, P. Kaaret, P. Kar, T.J. Williamson

    With 8 h of observations, VERITAS confirms the detection of two very high energy gamma-ray sources. The gamma-ray binary LS 5039 is detected with a statistical significance of 8.8σ. The measured flux above 1 TeV is (2.5±0.4)×10−12cm−2s−1 near inferior conjunction and (7.8±2.8)×10−13cm−2s−1 near superior conjunction. The pulsar wind nebula HESS J1825-137 is detected with a statistical significance of

  • Neutrinos below 100 TeV from the southern sky employing refined veto techniques to IceCube data
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-10-31
    M.G. Aartsen, M. Ackermann, J. Adams, J. A. Aguilar, M. Ahlers, M. Ahrens, C. Alispach, D. Altmann, K. Andeen, T. Anderson, I. Ansseau, G. Anton, C. Argüelles, J. Auffenberg, S. Axani, P. Backes, H. Bagherpour, X. Bai, T. Yuan

    Many Galactic sources of gamma rays, such as supernova remnants, are expected to produce neutrinos with a typical energy cutoff well below 100 TeV. For the IceCube Neutrino Observatory located at the South Pole, the southern sky, containing the inner part of the Galactic plane and the Galactic Center, is a particularly challenging region at these energies, because of the large background of atmospheric

  • Revisiting the TeV detection prospects for radio galaxies
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-10-14
    R. Angioni

    Radio galaxies host relativistic jets oriented away from our line of sight, making them challenging targets for Very High Energy (VHE, E > 100 GeV) γ-ray detectors. Indeed, out of ∼ 100 extragalactic sources detected at E > 100 GeV, only six are radio galaxies, while the great majority are blazars hosting aligned jets. The new Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) will provide order-of-magnitude improvements

  • Measurement of the gamma ray background in the Davis cavern at the Sanford Underground Research Facility
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-10-04
    D.S. Akerib, C.W. Akerlof, S.K. Alsum, N. Angelides, H.M. Araújo, J.E. Armstrong, M. Arthurs, X. Bai, J. Balajthy, S. Balashov, A. Baxter, E.P. Bernard, A. Biekert, T.P. Biesiadzinski, K.E. Boast, B. Boxer, P. Brás, J.H. Buckley, J. Yin

    Deep underground environments are ideal for low background searches due to the attenuation of cosmic rays by passage through the earth. However, they are affected by backgrounds from γ-rays emitted by 40K and the 238U and 232Th decay chains in the surrounding rock. The LUX-ZEPLIN (LZ) experiment will search for dark matter particle interactions with a liquid xenon TPC located within the Davis campus

  • Study of cosmogenic radionuclides in the COSINE-100 NaI(Tl) detectors
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-09-17
    E. Barbosa de Souza, B.J. Park, G. Adhikari, P. Adhikari, N. Carlin, J.J. Choi, S. Choi, M. Djamal, A.C. Ezeribe, C. Ha, I.S. Hahn, E.J. Jeon, J.H. Jo, W.G. Kang, M. Kauer, G.S. Kim, H. Kim, H.J. Kim, G.H. Yu

    COSINE-100 is a direct detection dark matter search experiment that uses a 106 kg array of eight NaI(Tl) crystals that are kept underground at the Yangyang Underground Laboratory to avoid cosmogenic activation of radioisotopes by cosmic rays. Even though the cosmogenic activity is declining with time, there are still significant background rates from the remnant nuclides. In this paper, we report measurements

  • On the parametrization of the distributions of depth of shower maximum of ultra-high energy extensive air showers
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-09-11
    Luan B. Arbeletche, Vitor de Souza

    The distribution of depth in which a cosmic ray air shower reaches its maximum number of particles (Xmax) is studied and parametrized. Three functions are studied for proton, carbon, silicon, and iron primary particles with energies ranging from 1017 eV to 1020 eV for three hadronic interaction models: EPOS-LHC, QGSJetII.04, and Sibyll2.3c. The function which best describes the Xmax distribution of

  • Vanishing vacuum energy
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-09-11
    Gregory Ryskin

    The vacuum energy problem arises because quantum fields fluctuate even at the absolute zero of temperature. These “zero-point” (T=0) vacuum fluctuations have non-zero energy. Since in general relativity all types of energy generate the space-time curvature, vacuum energy must enter the Einstein field equation as a source term. Here I find that vacuum energy is zero if and only if the vacuum equation

  • The advanced Virgo longitudinal control system for the O2 observing run
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-09-10
    F. Acernese, M. Agathos, L. Aiello, A. Allocca, M.A. Aloy, A. Amato, S. Antier, M. Arène, N. Arnaud, S. Ascenzi, P. Astone, F. Aubin, S. Babak, P. Bacon, F. Badaracco, M.K.M. Bader, J. Baird, F. Baldaccini, J.-P. Zendri

    Following a successful period of data-taking between 2006 and 2011, the Virgo gravitational-wave detector was taken offline for a major upgrade. The changes made to the instrument significantly increased the complexity of the control systems and meant that an extended period of commissioning was required to reach a sensitivity appropriate for science data-taking. This commissioning period was completed

  • Imprint of a Steep Equation of State in the growth of structure
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-09-03
    Mariana Jaber-Bravo, Erick Almaraz, Axel de la Macorra

    We study the cosmological properties of a dynamical of dark energy (DE) component determined by a Steep Equation of State (SEoS) w(z)=w0+wi(z/zT)q1+(z/zT)q. The SEoS has a transition at zT between two pivotal values (wi, w0) which can be taken as an early time and present day values of w and the steepness is given by q. We describe the impact of this dynamical DE at background and perturbative level

  • A search for solar axion induced signals with COSINE-100
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-07-10
    P. Adhikari, G. Adhikari, E. Barbosa de Souza, N. Carlin, S. Choi, M. Djamal, A.C. Ezeribe, C. Ha, I.S. Hahn, E.J. Jeon, J.H. Jo, H.W. Joo, W.G. Kang, W. Kang, M. Kauer, G.S. Kim, H. Kim, H.J. Kim, G.H. Yu

    We present results from a search for solar axions with the COSINE-100 experiment. We find no evidence of solar axion events from a data-set of 6,303.9 kg · days exposure and set a 90% confidence level upper limit on the axion-electron coupling, gae, of 1.70 ×10−11 for an axion mass less than 1 keV/c2. This limit excludes QCD axions heavier than 0.59 eV/c2 in the DFSZ model and 168.1 eV/c2 in the KSVZ

  • V-shaped cherenkov images of magnetically-separated gamma-rays
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-07-05
    Julian Sitarek, Dorota Sobczyńska, Katarzyna Adamczyk, Michał Szanecki

    Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) is an upcoming instrument that will start a new generation of atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes. CTA is expected not only to provide an unprecedented sensitivity in the tens of GeV to hundreds of TeV range, but also to considerably improve the systematic uncertainties of the measurements. We study the images registered by Cherenkov telescopes from low energy gamma rays

  • Dual MeV gamma-ray and dark matter observatory - GRAMS Project
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-07-05
    Tsuguo Aramaki, Per Ola Hansson Adrian, Georgia Karagiorgi, Hirokazu Odaka

    GRAMS (Gamma-Ray and AntiMatter Survey) is a novel project that can simultaneously target both astrophysical observations with MeV gamma rays and an indirect dark matter search with antimatter. The GRAMS instrument is designed with a cost-effective, large-scale LArTPC (Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber) detector surrounded by plastic scintillators. The astrophysical observations at MeV energies

  • On the sensitivity of present direct detection experiments to WIMP–quark and WIMP–gluon effective interactions: A systematic assessment and new model–independent approaches
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-07-02
    Sunghyun Kang, Stefano Scopel, Gaurav Tomar, Jong–Hyun Yoon

    Assuming for Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) a Maxwellian velocity distribution in the Galaxy we provide an assessment of the sensitivity of existing Dark Matter (DM) direct detection (DD) experiments to operators up to dimension 7 of the relativistic effective field theory describing dark matter interactions with quarks and gluons. In particular we focus on a systematic approach, including

  • Revisiting Ryskin’s model of cosmic acceleration
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-07-01
    Zhiqi Huang, Han Gao, Haoting Xu

    Cosmic backreaction as an additional source of the expansion of the universe has been a debate topic since the discovery of cosmic acceleration. The major concern is whether the self interaction of small-scale nonlinear structures would source gravity on very large scales. Gregory Ryskin argued against the additional inclusion of gravitational interaction energy of astronomical objects, whose masses

  • The Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network (AMON): Performance and science program
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-06-28
    Hugo A. Ayala Solares, Stephane Coutu, D.F. Cowen, James J. DeLaunay, Derek B. Fox, Azadeh Keivani, Miguel Mostafá, Kohta Murase, Foteini Oikonomou, Monica Seglar-Arroyo, Gordana Tešić, Colin F. Turley

    The Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network (AMON) has been built with the purpose of enabling near real-time coincidence searches using data from leading multimessenger observatories and astronomical facilities. Its mission is to evoke discovery of multimessenger astrophysical sources, exploit these sources for purposes of astrophysics and fundamental physics, and explore multimessenger datasets

  • Neutron and muon-induced background studies for the AMoRE double-beta decay experiment
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-06-22
    H.W. Bae, E.J. Jeon, Y.D. Kim, S.W. Lee

    AMoRE (Advanced Mo-based Rare process Experiment) is an experiment to search a neutrinoless double-beta decay of 100Mo in molybdate crystals. The neutron and muon-induced backgrounds are crucial to obtain the zero-background level (<10−5 counts/(keV · kg · yr)) for the AMoRE-II experiment, which is the second phase of the AMoRE project, planned to run at YEMI underground laboratory. To evaluate the

  • A muon-based observable for a photon search at 30–300 PeV
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-06-20
    N. González, F. Sánchez, M. Roth, A. Etchegoyen

    The observation of an ultra-high energy photon component of the cosmic radiation is one of the open problems in Astroparticle Physics. The stringent theoretical and experimental upper limits to the photon flux above 100 TeV make the search of a weak photon signal in the vast hadronic cosmic ray background a challenging task. At these energies, photon primaries entering the atmosphere develop an extensive

  • Influence of non-spherical dust grains on the growing of astrophysical dusty plasma waves with (r, q) distribution function
    Astropart. Phys. (IF 2.61) Pub Date : 2019-06-17
    Myoung-Jae Lee, Naoko Ashikawa, Young-Dae Jung

    The influence of dust rotation on the growing of dust-ion acoustic surface waves is investigated in a sharply bounded astrophysical dusty plasma containing the non-spherical dust grains and non-thermal electrons whose velocity distribution function takes the form of the generalized (r, q) distribution function, where r and q are the two spectral indices for the generalized distribution function. We

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