当前期刊: Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics Go to current issue    加入关注    本刊投稿指南
显示样式:        排序: IF: - GO 导出
我的关注
我的收藏
您暂时未登录!
登录
  • X-Ray Flow Visualization in Multiphase Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Alberto Aliseda; Theodore J. Heindel

    The use of X-ray flow visualization has brought a powerful new tool to the study of multiphase flows. Penetrating radiation can probe the spatial concentration of the different phases without the refraction, diffraction, or multiple scattering that usually produce image artifacts or reduce the signal-to-noise ratio below reliable values in optical visualization of multiphase flows; hence, X-ray visualization

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • The Fluid Dynamics of Disease Transmission
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Lydia Bourouiba

    For an infectious disease such as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to spread, contact needs to be established between an infected host and a susceptible one. In a range of populations and infectious diseases, peer-to-peer contact modes involve complex interactions of a pathogen with a fluid phase, such as isolated complex fluid droplets or a multiphase cloud of droplets. This is true for exhalations

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Predicting the Drag of Rough Surfaces
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Daniel Chung; Nicholas Hutchins; Michael P. Schultz; Karen A. Flack

    Reliable full-scale prediction of drag due to rough wall-bounded turbulent fluid flow remains a challenge. Currently, the uncertainty is at least 10%, with consequences, for example, on energy and transport applications exceeding billions of dollars per year. The crux of the difficulty is the large number of relevant roughness topographies and the high cost of testing each topography, but computational

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • In Pursuit of Designing Multicellular Engineered Living Systems: A Fluid Mechanical Perspective
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Jean Carlos Serrano; Satish Kumar Gupta; Roger D. Kamm; Ming Guo

    From intracellular protein signaling to embryonic symmetry-breaking, fluid transport ubiquitously drives biological events in living systems. We provide an overview of the fundamental fluid mechanics and transport phenomena across a range of length scales in cellular systems, with emphasis on how cellular functions are influenced by fluid transport. We also highlight how understanding the physical

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Bluff Bodies and Wake–Wall Interactions
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Mark C. Thompson; Thomas Leweke; Kerry Hourigan

    This review surveys the dramatic variations in wake structures and flow transitions, in addition to body forces, that appear as the motion of bluff bodies through a fluid occurs increasingly closer to a solid wall. In particular, we discuss the two cases of bluff bodies translating parallel to solid walls at varying heights and bluff bodies impacting on solid walls. In the former case, we highlight

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • From Bypass Transition to Flow Control and Data-Driven Turbulence Modeling: An Input–Output Viewpoint
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Mihailo R. Jovanović

    Transient growth and resolvent analyses are routinely used to assess nonasymptotic properties of fluid flows. In particular, resolvent analysis can be interpreted as a special case of viewing flow dynamics as an open system in which free-stream turbulence, surface roughness, and other irregularities provide sources of input forcing. We offer a comprehensive summary of the tools that can be employed

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • The Fluid Mechanics of Tidal Stream Energy Conversion
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Thomas A.A. Adcock; Scott Draper; Richard H.J. Willden; Christopher R. Vogel

    Placing mechanical devices into fast-moving tidal streams to generate clean and predictable electricity is a developing technology. This review covers the fundamental fluid mechanics of this application, which is important for understanding how such devices work and how they interact with the tidal stream resource. We focus on how tidal stream turbines and energy generation are modeled analytically

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Statistical Properties of Subgrid-Scale Turbulence Models
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Robert D. Moser; Sigfried W. Haering; Gopal R. Yalla

    This review examines large eddy simulation (LES) models from the perspective of their a priori statistical characteristics. The most well-known statistical characteristic of an LES subgrid-scale model is its dissipation (energy transfer to unresolved scales), and many models are directly or indirectly formulated and tuned for consistency of this characteristic. However, in complex turbulent flows,

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Exact Coherent States and the Nonlinear Dynamics of Wall-Bounded Turbulent Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Michael D. Graham; Daniel Floryan

    Wall-bounded turbulence exhibits patterns that persist in time and space: coherent structures. These are important for transport processes and form a conceptual framework for important theoretical approaches. Key observed structures include quasi-streamwise and hairpin vortices, as well as the localized spots and puffs of turbulence observed during transition. This review describes recent research

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Levitation and Self-Organization of Droplets
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Vladimir S. Ajaev; Oleg A. Kabov

    We review studies of levitating droplets over liquid–gas interfaces and dry solid surfaces with a focus on the physical mechanisms of levitation under different conditions. A fascinating physical phenomenon of self-organization of levitating droplets into large arrays is described and explanations for this unusual behavior are reviewed. Closely related topics of nonisothermal flotation and levitation

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Mixing by Oceanic Lee Waves
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Sonya Legg

    Oceanic lee waves are generated in the deep stratified ocean by the flow of ocean currents over sea floor topography, and when they break, they can lead to mixing in the stably stratified ocean interior. While the theory of linear lee waves is well established, the nonlinear mechanisms leading to mixing are still under investigation. Tidally driven lee waves have long been observed in the ocean, along

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • The Fluid Mechanics of Cleaning and Decontamination of Surfaces
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Julien R. Landel; D. Ian Wilson

    The removal of unwanted entities or soiling material from surfaces is an essential operation in many personal, industrial, societal, and environmental applications. The use of liquid cleansers for cleaning and decontamination is ubiquitous, and this review seeks to identify commonality in the fluid flow phenomena involved, particularly in those that determine the effectiveness of such operations. The

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Layering, Instabilities, and Mixing in Turbulent Stratified Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    C.P. Caulfield

    Understanding how turbulence leads to the enhanced irreversible transport of heat and other scalars such as salt and pollutants in density-stratified fluids is a fundamental and central problem in geophysical and environmental fluid dynamics. This review discusses recent research activity directed at improving community understanding, modeling, and parameterization of the subtle interplay between energy

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Statistics of Extreme Events in Fluid Flows and Waves
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Themistoklis P. Sapsis

    Extreme events in fluid flows, waves, or structures interacting with them are critical for a wide range of areas, including reliability and design in engineering, as well as modeling risk of natural disasters. Such events are characterized by the coexistence of high intrinsic dimensionality, complex nonlinear dynamics, and stochasticity. These properties severely restrict the application of standard

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Turbulence Processes Within Turbidity Currents
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Mathew G. Wells; Robert M. Dorrell

    Sediment-laden gravity currents, or turbidity currents, are density-driven flows that transport vast quantities of particulate material across the floor of lakes and oceans. Turbidity currents are generated by slope failure or initiated when a sediment-laden flow enters into a lake or ocean; here, lofting or convective sedimentation processes may control flow dynamics. Depending upon the internal turbulent

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Elastic Turbulence: An Experimental View on Inertialess Random Flow
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Victor Steinberg

    A viscous solvent laminar flow may be strongly modified by the addition of a tiny amount of long polymer molecules, resulting in a chaotic flow called elastic turbulence (ET). ET is attributed to polymer stretching, which generates elastic stress and its back reaction on the flow. Its properties are analogous to those observed in hydrodynamic turbulence, although the formal similarity does not imply

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Leonardo da Vinci and Fluid Mechanics
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Ivan Marusic; Susan Broomhall

    This review focuses on Leonardo da Vinci's work and thought related to fluid mechanics as it is presented in a lifetime of notebooks, letters, and artwork. It shows how Leonardo's remaining works offer a complicated picture of unfinished, scattered, and frequently revisited hypotheses and conclusions. It argues that experimentation formed an important mechanism for Leonardo's thought about natural

    更新日期:2021-01-07
  • Numerical Methods for Viscoelastic Fluid Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    M.A. Alves; P.J. Oliveira; F.T. Pinho

    Complex fluids exist in nature and are continually engineered for specific applications involving the addition of macromolecules to a solvent, among other means. This imparts viscoelasticity to the fluid, a property responsible for various flow instabilities and major modifications to the fluid dynamics. Recent developments in the numerical methods for the simulation of viscoelastic fluid flows, described

    更新日期:2021-01-06
  • Fluids at the Nanoscale: From Continuum to Subcontinuum Transport
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2021-01-06
    Nikita Kavokine; Roland R. Netz; Lydéric Bocquet

    Nanofluidics has firmly established itself as a new field in fluid mechanics, as novel properties have been shown to emerge in fluids at the nanometric scale. Thanks to recent developments in fabrication technology, artificial nanofluidic systems are now being designed at the scale of biological nanopores. This ultimate step in scale reduction has pushed the development of new experimental techniques

    更新日期:2021-01-06
  • Chemo-Hydrodynamic Patterns and Instabilities
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    A. De Wit

    By modifying a physical property of a solution like its density or viscosity, chemical reactions can modify and even trigger convective flows. These flows in turn affect the spatiotemporal distribution of the chemical species. A nontrivial coupling between reactions and flows then occurs. We present simple model systems of this chemo-hydrodynamic coupling. In particular, we illustrate the possibility

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Electroconvection Near Electrochemical Interfaces: Experiments, Modeling, and Computation
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Ali Mani; Karen May Wang

    Many electrochemical and microfluidic systems involve voltage-driven transport of ions from a fluid electrolyte toward an ion-selective interface. These systems are governed by intimate coupling between fluid flow, mass transport, and electrostatic effects. When counterions are driven toward a selective interface, this coupling is shown to lead to a hydrodynamic instability called electroconvection

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Machine Learning for Fluid Mechanics
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Steven L. Brunton; Bernd R. Noack; Petros Koumoutsakos

    The field of fluid mechanics is rapidly advancing, driven by unprecedented volumes of data from experiments, field measurements, and large-scale simulations at multiple spatiotemporal scales. Machine learning (ML) offers a wealth of techniques to extract information from data that can be translated into knowledge about the underlying fluid mechanics. Moreover, ML algorithms can augment domain knowledge

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Advances in Bioconvection
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Martin A. Bees

    The term “bioconvection” describes hydrodynamic instabilities and patterns in suspensions of biased swimming microorganisms. Hydrodynamic instabilities arise from coupling between cell swimming behaviors; physical properties of the cells, such as density; and fluid flows. For instance, a combination of viscous and gravitational torques can lead to cells swimming toward downwelling fluid. If the cells

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Immersed Methods for Fluid–Structure Interaction
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Boyce E. Griffith; Neelesh A. Patankar

    Fluid–structure interaction is ubiquitous in nature and occurs at all biological scales. Immersed methods provide mathematical and computational frameworks for modeling fluid–structure systems. These methods, which typically use an Eulerian description of the fluid and a Lagrangian description of the structure, can treat thin immersed boundaries and volumetric bodies, and they can model structures

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Aeroacoustics of Silent Owl Flight
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Justin W. Jaworski; N. Peake

    The ability of some species of owl to fly in effective silence is unique among birds and provides a distinct hunting advantage, but it remains a mystery as to exactly what aspects of the owl and its flight are responsible for this dramatic noise reduction. Crucially, this mystery extends to how the flow physics may be leveraged to generate noise-reduction strategies for wider technological application

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Super-Resolution Imaging in Fluid Mechanics Using New Illumination Approaches
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Minami Yoda

    Quantifying submillimeter flows using optical diagnostic techniques is often limited by a lack of spatial resolution and optical access. This review discusses two super-resolution imaging techniques, structured illumination microscopy and total internal reflection fluorescence or microscopy, which can visualize bulk and interfacial flows, respectively, at spatial resolutions below the classic diffraction

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Patterns in Wall-Bounded Shear Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Laurette S. Tuckerman; Matthew Chantry; Dwight Barkley

    Experiments and numerical simulations have shown that turbulence in transitional wall-bounded shear flows frequently takes the form of long oblique bands if the domains are sufficiently large to accommodate them. These turbulent bands have been observed in plane Couette flow, plane Poiseuille flow, counter-rotating Taylor–Couette flow, torsional Couette flow, and annular pipe flow. At their upper Reynolds

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Turbulence with Large Thermal and Compositional Density Variations
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Daniel Livescu

    Density variations in fluid flows can arise due to acoustic or thermal fluctuations, compositional changes during mixing of fluids with different molar masses, or phase inhomogeneities. In particular, thermal and compositional (with miscible fluids) density variations have many similarities, such as in how the flow interacts with a shock wave. Two limiting cases have been of particular interest: (a)

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Statics and Dynamics of Soft Wetting
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Bruno Andreotti; Jacco H. Snoeijer

    The laws of wetting are well known for drops on rigid surfaces but change dramatically when the substrate is soft and deformable. The combination of wetting and the intricacies of soft polymeric interfaces have provided many rich examples of fluid–structure interactions, both in terms of phenomenology and from a fundamental perspective. In this review we discuss experimental and theoretical progress

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Capillarity in Soft Porous Solids
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Jonghyun Ha; Ho-Young Kim

    Soft porous solids can change their shapes by absorbing liquids via capillarity. Such poro-elasto-capillary interactions can be seen in the wrinkling of paper, swelling of cellulose sponges, and morphing of resurrection plants. Here, we introduce physical principles relevant to the phenomena and survey recent advances in the understanding of swelling and shrinkage of bulk soft porous media due to wetting

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Liquid-State Dewetting of Pulsed-Laser-Heated Nanoscale Metal Films and Other Geometries
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Lou Kondic; Alejandro G. González; Javier A. Diez; Jason D. Fowlkes; Philip Rack

    Metal films of nanoscale thickness, deposited on substrates and exposed to laser heating, provide systems that involve several interesting multiphysics effects. In addition to fluid mechanical aspects associated with a free boundary setup, other relevant physical effects include phase change, thermal flow, and liquid–solid interactions. Such films are challenging to model, in particular because inertial

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Acoustic Tweezers for Particle and Fluid Micromanipulation
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    M. Baudoin; J.-L. Thomas

    Acoustic tweezers powerfully enable the contactless collective or selective manipulation of microscopic objects. Trapping is achieved without pretagging, with forces several orders of magnitude larger than optical tweezers at the same input power, limiting spurious heating and enabling damage-free displacement and orientation of biological samples. In addition, the availability of acoustical coherent

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Modeling Turbulent Flows in Porous Media
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Brian D. Wood; Xiaoliang He; Sourabh V. Apte

    Turbulent flows in porous media occur in a wide variety of applications, from catalysis in packed beds to heat exchange in nuclear reactor vessels. In this review, we summarize the current state of the literature on methods to model such flows. We focus on a range of Reynolds numbers, covering the inertial regime through the asymptotic turbulent regime. The review emphasizes both numerical modeling

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Subglacial Plumes
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Ian J. Hewitt

    Buoyant plumes form when glacial ice melts directly into the ocean or when subglacial meltwater is discharged to the ocean at depth. They play a key role in regulating heat transport from the ocean to the ice front, and in exporting glacial meltwater to the open ocean. This review summarizes current understanding of the dynamics of these plumes, focusing on theoretical developments and their predictions

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Shear Thickening of Concentrated Suspensions: Recent Developments and Relation to Other Phenomena
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Jeffrey F. Morris

    Shear thickening is the increase of the apparent viscosity as shear rate or shear stress increases. This phenomenon is pronounced in concentrated (dense) suspensions of both colloidal-scale and larger particles, with an abrupt form, known as discontinuous shear thickening, observed as the maximum flowable solid fraction is approached. An overview of observed shear thickening behavior is presented,

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Convective Phenomena in Mushy Layers
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Daniel M. Anderson; Peter Guba

    Since the Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics review of mushy layers by Worster (1997), there have been significant advances in the understanding of convective processes in mushy layers. These advances have come in the areas of (a) more detailed analysis, computation, and understanding of convective instabilities and chimney convection in binary alloys; (b) investigations of diffusive and convective transport

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Particles, Drops, and Bubbles Moving Across Sharp Interfaces and Stratified Layers
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Jacques Magnaudet; Matthieu J. Mercier

    Rigid or deformable bodies moving through continuously stratified layers or across sharp interfaces are involved in a wide variety of geophysical and engineering applications, with both miscible and immiscible fluids. In most cases, the body moves while pulling a column of fluid, in which density and possibly viscosity differ from those of the neighboring fluid. The presence of this column usually

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Ocean Wave Interactions with Sea Ice: A Reappraisal
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Vernon A. Squire

    A spectacular resurgence of interest in the topic of ocean wave/sea ice interactions has unfolded over the last two decades, fueled primarily by the deleterious ramifications of global climate change on the polar seas. The Arctic is particularly affected, with a widespread reduction of the extent, thickness, and compactness of its sea ice during the summer, creating an ice cover that is analogous to

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • David J. Benney: Nonlinear Wave and Instability Processes in Fluid Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    T.R. Akylas

    David J. Benney (1930–2015) was an applied mathematician and fluid dynamicist whose highly original work has shaped our understanding of nonlinear wave and instability processes in fluid flows. This article discusses the new paradigm he pioneered in the study of nonlinear phenomena, which transcends fluid mechanics, and it highlights the common threads of his research contributions, namely, resonant

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Anatol Roshko, 1923–2017
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2020-01-07
    Dimitri Papamoschou; Morteza Gharib

    We present a brief account of Anatol Roshko's research and educational contributions to fluid mechanics, focusing on the spirit of his transformative ideas and legacy.

    更新日期:2020-04-21
  • Chandrasekhar's Fluid Dynamics
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Katepalli R. Sreenivasan

    Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910–1995) is justly famous for his lasting contributions to topics such as white dwarfs and black holes (which led to his Nobel Prize), stellar structure and dynamics, general relativity, and other facets of astrophysics. He also devoted some dozen or so of his prime years to fluid dynamics, especially stability and turbulence, and made important contributions. Yet in most

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Blood Flow and Transport in the Human Placenta
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Oliver E. Jensen, Igor L. Chernyavsky

    The placenta is a multifunctional organ that exchanges blood gases and nutrients between a mother and her developing fetus. In humans, fetal blood flows through intricate networks of vessels confined within villous trees, the branches of which are bathed in pools of maternal blood. Fluid mechanics and transport processes play a central role in understanding how these elaborate structures contribute

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Attached Eddy Model of Wall Turbulence
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Ivan Marusic, Jason P. Monty

    Modeling wall turbulence remains a major challenge, as a sufficient physical understanding of these flows is still lacking. In an effort to move toward a physics-based model, A.A. Townsend introduced the hypothesis that the dominant energy-containing motions in wall turbulence are due to large eddies attached to the wall. From this simple hypothesis, the attached eddy model evolved, which has proven

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Leading-Edge Vortices: Mechanics and Modeling
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Jeff D. Eldredge, Anya R. Jones

    The leading-edge vortex (LEV) is known to produce transient high lift in a wide variety of circumstances. The underlying physics of LEV formation, growth, and shedding are explored for a set of canonical wing motions including wing translation, rotation, and pitching. A review of the literature reveals that, while there are many similarities in the LEV physics of these motions, the resulting force

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Symmetry-Breaking Cilia-Driven Flow in Embryogenesis
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    David J. Smith, Thomas D. Montenegro-Johnson, Susana S. Lopes

    The systematic breaking of left–right body symmetry is a familiar feature of human physiology. In humans and many animals, this process originates with asymmetric fluid flow driven by rotating cilia, occurring in a short-lived embryonic organizing structure termed the node. The very low–Reynolds number fluid mechanics of this system is reviewed; important features include how cilia rotation combines

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Sediment Resuspension and Transport by Internal Solitary Waves
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Leon Boegman, Marek Stastna

    Large-amplitude internal waves induce currents and turbulence in the bottom boundary layer (BBL) and are thus a key driver of sediment movement on the continental margins. Observations of internal wave–induced sediment resuspension and transport cover significant portions of the world's oceans. Research on BBL instabilities, induced by internal waves, has identified several mechanisms by which the

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Film Flows in the Presence of Electric Fields
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Demetrios T. Papageorgiou

    The presence of electric fields in immiscible multifluid flows induces Maxwell stresses at sharp interfaces that can produce electrohydrodynamic phenomena of practical importance. Electric fields can be stabilizing or destabilizing depending on their strength and orientation. In microfluidics, fields can be used to drive systems out of equilibrium to produce hierarchical patterning, mixing, and phase

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Convection in Lakes
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Damien Bouffard, Alfred Wüest

    Lakes and other confined water bodies are not exposed to tides, and their wind forcing is usually much weaker compared to ocean basins and estuaries. Hence, convective processes are often the dominant drivers for shaping mixing and stratification structures in inland waters. Due to the diverse environments of lakes—defined by local morphological, geochemical, and meteorological conditions, among others—a

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Direct Numerical Simulation of Turbulent Flows Laden with Droplets or Bubbles
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Said Elghobashi

    This review focuses on direct numerical simulations (DNS) of turbulent flows laden with droplets or bubbles. DNS of these flows are more challenging than those of flows laden with solid particles due to the surface deformation in the former. The numerical methods discussed are classified by whether the initial diameter of the bubble/droplet is smaller or larger than the Kolmogorov length scale and

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Mixing Versus Stirring
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Emmanuel Villermaux

    Mixing is the operation by which a system evolves under stirring from one state of simplicity—the initial segregation of the constituents—to another state of simplicity—their complete uniformity. Between these extremes, patterns emerge, possibly interact, and die sooner or later. This review summarizes recent developments on the problem of mixing in its lamellar representation. This point of view visualizes

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Atmospheric Circulation of Tide-Locked Exoplanets
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Raymond T. Pierrehumbert, Mark Hammond

    Tide-locked planets are planets in which tidal stresses from the host star have spun down the planet's rotation to the point where its length of sidereal day equals its length of year. In a nearly circular orbit, such planets have a permanent dayside and a permanent nightside, leading to extreme heating contrasts. In this article, the atmospheric circulations forced by this heating contrast are explored

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Electrohydrodynamics of Drops and Vesicles
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Petia M. Vlahovska

    The 1969 review by J.R. Melcher and G.I. Taylor defined the field of electrohydrodynamics. Fifty years on, the interaction of weakly conducting (leaky dielectric) fluids with electric fields continues to yield intriguing phenomena. The prototypical system of a drop in a uniform electric field has revealed remarkable dynamics in strong electric fields such as symmetry-breaking instabilities (e.g., Quincke

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Bubble Dynamics in Soft and Biological Matter
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Benjamin Dollet, Philippe Marmottant, Valeria Garbin

    Bubbles are present in a large variety of emerging applications, from advanced materials to biology and medicine, as either laser-generated or acoustically driven bubbles. In these applications, the bubbles undergo oscillatory dynamics and collapse inside—or near—soft and biological materials. The presence of a soft, viscoelastic medium strongly affects the bubble dynamics, both its linear resonance

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Turbulence Modeling in the Age of Data
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Karthik Duraisamy, Gianluca Iaccarino, Heng Xiao

    Data from experiments and direct simulations of turbulence have historically been used to calibrate simple engineering models such as those based on the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) equations. In the past few years, with the availability of large and diverse data sets, researchers have begun to explore methods to systematically inform turbulence models with data, with the goal of quantifying

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Rate Effects in Hypersonic Flows
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Graham V. Candler

    Hypersonic flows are energetic and result in regions of high temperature, causing internal energy excitation, chemical reactions, ionization, and gas-surface interactions. At typical flight conditions, the rates of these processes are often similar to the rate of fluid motion. Thus, the gas state is out of local thermodynamic equilibrium and must be described by conservation equations for the internal

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Highly Resolved Brownian Motion in Space and in Time
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Jianyong Mo, Mark G. Raizen

    Since the discovery of Brownian motion in bulk fluids by Robert Brown in 1827, Brownian motion at long timescales has been extensively studied both theoretically and experimentally for over a century. The theory for short-timescale Brownian motion was also well established in the last century, while experimental studies were not accessible until this decade. This article reviews experimental progress

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Capillary-Dominated Fluid Displacement in Porous Media
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Kamaljit Singh, Michael Jung, Martin Brinkmann, Ralf Seemann

    Liquid invasion into a porous medium is a phenomenon of great importance in both nature and technology. Despite its enormous importance, there is a surprisingly sparse understanding of the processes occurring on the scale of individual pores and of how these processes determine the global invasion pattern. In particular, the exact influence of the wettability remains unclear besides the limiting cases

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Nonlinear Theories for Shear Flow Instabilities: Physical Insights and Practical Implications
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Xuesong Wu

    This article reviews the nonlinear stability theories that have been developed to explain laminar–turbulent transition processes in boundary and free shear layers. For such spatially developing shear flows, a high–Reynolds number approach is necessary to account for, in a systematic and self-consistent manner, multiple competing physical factors, such as nonlinearity, nonparallelism, nonequilibrium

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Flow Phenomena in the Inner Ear
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Dominik Obrist

    A remarkable number of different flow phenomena contribute critically to the proper functioning of the hearing and balance senses, both of which are hosted by the inner ear. This includes quasi-steady and high-frequency Stokes flow, incompressible wave guides, unsteady boundary layers, and fluid–structure interactions between viscous fluids, soft membranes, and hair cell bundles. We present these phenomena

    更新日期:2019-01-07
  • Mycofluidics: The Fluid Mechanics of Fungal Adaptation
    Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech. (IF 16.306) Pub Date : 2019-01-07
    Marcus Roper, Agnese Seminara

    Fungi are the dark matter of biology, typically leading cryptic lives, buried in soil or inside of plants or other organisms, and emerging into the light only when they build their elegantly engineered fruiting bodies. Ecological success across so many niches has required that they solve many challenging fluid mechanical problems of growth, dispersal, and transport of fluids across networks. Study

    更新日期:2019-01-07
Contents have been reproduced by permission of the publishers.
导出
全部期刊列表>>
微生物研究
虚拟特刊
亚洲大洋洲地球科学
NPJ欢迎投稿
自然科研论文编辑
ERIS期刊投稿
欢迎阅读创刊号
自然职场,为您触达千万科研人才
spring&清华大学出版社
城市可持续发展前沿研究专辑
Springer 纳米技术权威期刊征稿
全球视野覆盖
施普林格·自然新
chemistry
物理学研究前沿热点精选期刊推荐
自然职位线上招聘会
欢迎报名注册2020量子在线大会
化学领域亟待解决的问题
材料学研究精选新
GIANT
ACS ES&T Engineering
ACS ES&T Water
屿渡论文,编辑服务
阿拉丁试剂right
上海中医药大学
浙江大学
西湖大学
化学所
北京大学
山东大学
隐藏1h前已浏览文章
课题组网站
新版X-MOL期刊搜索和高级搜索功能介绍
ACS材料视界
南方科技大学
南开大学
浙江大学
天合科研
x-mol收录
试剂库存
down
wechat
bug